Vomiting helps clean the stomach of harmful substances and thereby to reduce or prevent the toxicity of the body. So often it consists of stomach contents — food particles, gastric juice, mucus. But what does the appearance in the vomit bile? Why is this happening and what can speak, understand MedAboutMe.
What is bile and why it is needed
Bile — specific fluid, which is produced in the liver and enters the duodenum via the bile duct. It is extremely important for proper digestion because it helps to digest fats. Thus enters the gastrointestinal tract it is not constant, but only during the meal. In between meals, the liquid stored in the gall bladder.
Normally bile in the duodenum, together with the fragments of food goes further — in subtle, and then the colon and never gets to the stomach where they can come out with vomit. Therefore, the appearance of bile in the vomit is always a symptom of disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, temporary or permanent. To determine the presence of bile can be a characteristic greenish-yellow color and a strong persistent bitter taste in the mouth.
Vomiting with bile reflux
Bile reflux this is a condition in which the bile flows in the opposite direction — from the duodenum into the stomach. The presence of this fluid causes irritation to the walls of the body, so the nausea and subsequent vomiting is a natural consequence of this pathology.
By itself, bile reflux is not a disease, but quite typical for a large number of pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract. Among the most frequent causes of its occurrence:
Gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer. Functional dispersion. The consequence of surgery to remove the gallbladder. Hernia. Tumors in the duodenum. Various conditions associated with a disruption of the gatekeeper — fragment between the stomach and duodenum. For example, stenosis of the pylorus may appear morning be attacks of vomiting.
Because bile reflux causes irritation of the stomach wall, except it is accompanied by vomiting and other symptoms, including:
Pain in the upper abdomen. Sour taste in the mouth. Heartburn. Coughing and hoarseness.
Bile reflux cannot be ignored, if you experience these symptoms be sure to seek medical attention. The fact that this state is not only a symptom of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT), but can trigger a chronic form of inflammation of the walls of the stomach — reflux-gastritis.
Diseases of the gallbladder
Cause of vomiting bile can be of different gallbladder disease. First of all, we are talking about cholelithiasis (holelitiaza), in which the body to form the stones. The reason of such entities becomes a stagnation of bile, and for a long time, the disease may not make itself felt. In the later stages of a man concerned about the pain in the right hypochondrium and constant nausea. Vomiting may be frequent enough, especially if the disease leads to inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis) and liver damage. In this case, attacks can occur every two hours, and the vomiting will not bring relief.
Dangerous condition of gallstone disease is biliary colic — severe pain on the right, due to the fact that the stone gets stuck in the narrow passages. In this background, too, there is often copious vomiting of bile.
If a person is concerned about such symptoms, he must consult a doctor. Cholelithiasis may lead to acute inflammation of the pancreas (biliary pancreatitis). The disease requires mandatory treatment under the supervision of a physician, often with holelitiaza the patient needs surgery to remove the gallbladder.
Intestinal obstruction and vomiting bile
One of the most dangerous conditions that can be accompanied by vomiting bile — bowel obstruction. In this case symptom may occur under a partial narrowing of the lumen, and the full overlap of the intestine. If the patient does not receive timely medical assistance, the condition can lead to tissue necrosis, bowel perforation, the development of peritonitis and sepsis.
Along with vomiting if obstruction is observed these symptoms:
Constipation. Bloating, its asymmetry (on the surface can be seen choosing parts and failures). Solid tension pneumo. Loss of appetite.
Acute intestinal obstruction is of itself a dangerous condition that requires emergency medical care. In addition, any such pathology may indicate the presence of serious disease, so even a partial obstruction can not be ignored. So, one of the causes of obstruction in adults is colon cancer or colorectal cancer. Among other possible factors:
Hernia. Infectious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Adhesions arising after surgery. Volvulus of the colon. Illness or change in dietary regime, leading to impaired intestinal motility. Metabolic disorders, particularly hypokalemia. Bile vomiting in children
As a rule, in children vomiting bile associated with malnutrition. If the child’s diet has a lot of fatty and fried foods, it leads to disruption of the liver and pancreas and consequently, nausea and vomiting. To inflammation of the organs also cause different kinds of intoxication. Most often we are talking about food poisoning, but indigestion can cause infectious diseases, uncontrolled medication, insufficient drinking. In the case of food poisoning vomit at first consists of stomach contents — pieces of food, mucus and other things. And later they receive bile, which suggests that the walls of the stomach are irritated.
A dangerous condition in which children may experience vomiting bile, are the various cases of intestinal obstruction. The youngest can show defects, for example, atresia of the rectum or different types of megacolon — abnormal increase in the colon.
Bowel obstruction may be caused by intussusception — a condition in which one part of the intestine is folded into the lumen of another. In the first year of life this pathology may occur due to age, particularly in infants increased mobility of the colon. But the older children obstruction of this type is often associated with serious health problems — tumors, polyps, hyperplasia of the lymphoid tissue and other.
Other causes of vomiting bile
Vomiting bile is not always a sign of dangerous diseases. For example, symptoms of alcohol poisoning and considerable intoxication. This vomiting may not bring relief, to be quite frequent. In some cases it appears immediately after drinking alcohol, others arise the next morning and can disturb during the day. Bile appears in the vomit, because intoxication leads to the inflammation of the stomach walls — even if it is completely freed from food, the urge still remains. A similar pattern is observed in other types of severe poisoning.
Vomiting with impurities bile may disturb pregnant women with toxicosis in the. Often it occurs in those women who refrain from eating. In this case, in the stomach vrabatyvaetsya gastric juice and in the duodenum bile is poured, but since the digestive tract without food goes, these fluids lead to irritation and, consequently, vomiting. Such attacks are easily removable with the correct diet and diet and, if occur infrequently, should not cause great concern. All about such ailments should tell your doctor, as they may be a symptom of exacerbations of cholecystitis or pancreatitis.