A list of the top cegeps published in our pages is the work of a monk which is full of interesting data.
It was especially held that the colleges of the English-speaking network have graduation rates higher than those of the French-speaking network.
Inevitably, we were served back to that English-speaking people to value more education than francophones.
It was certainly true once, may be even a little bit, but the bulk of the explanation for this difference in success is now elsewhere.
The researcher Frédéric Lacroix has compiled data revealing on the college community.
The cégeps anglophones were hosting in 2018, 19% of all college students.
But in Québec, there was, in 2016, that 8.1% of people of English mother tongue.
In fact, 37.8% of the students in these cégeps anglophones allophones and 20.7% are francophones.
As I remarked Lacroix, how the English-speaking community could be pleased, responsible for the successful graduation of the cegeps, English-speaking, while the students of English as a mother tongue are the minority ?
In fact, the “anglo-native” are a minority in “their” cegep… since 2001.
Can you guess the true cause of this greater success of the cégeps anglophones.
The cégep anglophone Dawson, for example, accept only one applicant out of three. However, 40 % of its students are francophones.
That is to say, francophones who go to cegep anglophones are primarily recruited from among those who have the strongest notes.
If the cégeps anglophones show better results, it is simply because they recruit the best students.
It is a phenomenon of skimming a little similar to the one that explains, at the secondary level, the rate of success is higher to the private school.
For several years, we have seen a simultaneous rush to the cegeps, English-speaking and a declining enrolment in French cégeps.
Between 2013 and 2017, it is 11.1% less entries for the cégep Maisonneuve, 13.1% less for Bois-de-Boulogne and 12.8 % less for the Old-Montreal.
Conversely, enrolments in the colleges English-speaking increase even… outside of Montreal, in fact anywhere where there are English-language institutions.
The English, themselves, have no interest in, or almost to the cégeps francophones : they were only 1.3% in 2018.
With regard to non-native speakers, it is simple : as soon as the attendance of the French school ceases to be imposed by bill 101, they rushed to the cegeps, English-speaking, before going out and then massively, in a proportion of 91 % (!), Concordia and McGill.
For them, the attendance of the French school is an immersion forced.
When bill 101 was adopted, we made the choice not to impose it at the cegep because it was thought that the attendance of the primary school and secondary school in French would guarantee that this person would live then in French at home and at work.
It was an illusion. Everything has to be rethought.
This issue of language teaching is so complex and so critical to our future that I’ll get to that.