The Beijing News: Russia holds out olive branch to US, but they won’t take it

The Beijing News: Россия протягивает оливковую ветвь США, но те ее не принимают

In relation to out-of-contract USA Russia a little bit helpless.December 5, local time, for a year and two months before the expiry of the “Agreement between the Russian Federation and the USA on measures for the further reduction and limitation of strategic offensive arms” (SNV-III/New START), the Russian side had offered an olive branch and expressed hope that renewal of the agreement with the United States will be completed before the end of the year.According to the Russian news Agency TASS, Russian President Vladimir Putin at a meeting on national defence on 5 December issued a statement: “Russia is ready immediately, as soon as possible, right up to the end of the year, without preconditions, to extend the contract start-III. Then that was not any of the double and triple interpretations about our position, I say this officially.”However, Putin also said: “All our proposals for the extension of this Treaty are on the table, no reaction yet from the partners we have not received.” This “partner”, of course, is the United States.The United States officially withdrew from the “Treaty on the elimination of intermediate-range” in August of this year, and Russia subsequently announced that it will suspend its obligations under the contract. Today is the “Treaty between the Russian Federation and the USA on measures for the further reduction and limitation of strategic offensive arms” — the only major agreement on arms control between the United States and Russia, two major nuclear powers in the world.The face of explicit Russian position to the American side continues to delay and not respond. Does this mean that the extension of the contract will not be supported?What is the significance of the new start Treaty?“The agreement between Russia and the USA on measures for the further reduction and limitation of strategic offensive arms” is a bilateral agreement to reduce nuclear weapons signed by the United States and Russia in 2010, and since the signing took place in Prague, capital of Czech Republic, it is also known as the Prague agreement.The Treaty requires the US and Russia halve the number of its strategic nuclear missile launchers. In addition, it obliges both parties to exchange relevant information every two years.Start-III entered into force on 5 February 2011 and valid for 10 years. That is, the validity of this agreement expires on 5 February 2021, if the US and Russia will not agree to extend the contract. It can be extended for another five years, if the parties come to a mutual agreement, meaning it will be valid until 2026.The reason this Treaty is called “new” is the fact that in recent years, the United States and Russia have held a series of talks on limiting strategic weapons and is a signatory to several treaties on the reduction and limitation of strategic offensive arms. Such agreements on the reduction of strategic arms was signed in 1991, 1993, 1997 and 2002, respectively, and the Treaty, signed in 2010, is the latest current agreement.The American edition of Time stated that after the United States withdrew from the “Treaty on the limitation of anti-ballistic missile systems” and the “Agreement on the elimination of intermediate and short range”, the new start Treaty is probably the only Treaty that can prevent U.S. and Russia to re-start the arms race.Why does the United States not respond?The position of Russia in respect of the expiring contract is clear — she wants to update it.Russia in recent months has repeatedly expressed a willingness to extend the contract. December 5, Putin also made it clear that Russia does not intend to start an arms race and is not going to install guided missiles in areas where not currently placed ballistic missiles short and medium range. He addressed a similar appeal to the European countries and the United States, however, responded only to France.In fact, in February of this year when the US announced that it is withdrawing from the “Agreement on the elimination of intermediate and short range”, since Russia has violated its provisions, many analysts believed that the trump will be afraid to extend the start-III.According to the newspaper the New York Times, the administration trump has long criticized the new start Treaty, because on the one hand, it does not limit the new Russian system of nuclear weapons, such as hypersonic missiles; on the other, the contract does not include other nuclear powers.According to radio “Liberty”, a Democrat of the U.S. Senate, Edward Markey (better known as ed Markey) explicitly stated that “a Treaty on the reduction and limitation of strategic offensive arms” is likely to be declared invalid and will lead to the fact that the United States and Russia are mired in a new arms race, requiring huge costs.Former Deputy Secretary of state of the USA rose Guatemalan, which was responsible for Treaty negotiations, said that the concerns of the administration trump justified, but the United States also needs to pay attention to the benefits of extending the contract. Guatemalan said that in the future the United States will strengthen its nuclear forces. If the contract could be extended until 2026, America will have a more peaceful environment for the development of its nuclear forces.MIA “Russia today” noted that, if the United States will finally abandon the start-III, Russia has “no other choice” but also to abandon the Treaty, and it might entail a new round of the arms race between the two countries.

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