For the first time in Quebec, The Journal publishes a new ranking allowing you to compare the performance of cegeps in terms of graduation.
The colleges have initiated a huge project to help increase their graduation rate, which has not moved for 30 years, despite the government targets, while the demand for skilled workers continues to increase. In 2000, the former minister of Education, François Legault, asked the cegeps to pass their graduation rate from 61 % to 76 % by 2010.
The college network did not succeed, despite the implementation of “success plans” and a whole host of measures that have resulted.
Good year, bad year, approximately 64% of students who enter cegep graduate, two years after the expected duration of their studies.
Yet, the vast majority of jobs created in Quebec now requires at least a college degree.
“You need to put the package to increase the graduation rate to college-level and university, it is a must,” said economist Pierre Fortin.
For the past two years, the Federation of cegeps, calls in vain for a national strategy in higher education in order to give a bar to this chapter.
In recent years, cutbacks, and the rapid increase in the number of students with special needs are added to the many challenges of the college network.
“It is very good”
However, the graduation rate has not declined during this period, a “tour de force” in the circumstances, according to Bernard Tremblay, president and ceo of the Fédération des cégeps. “It is because it is very good”, lance-t-il.
The Fédération des cégeps has nevertheless set up, last year, his work on the success at the college level in order to determine effective measures to be put in place to increase the graduation rate, on the basis of evidence. However, it is too early to arrive at the findings, said.
Subsequently, the objective will be to claim the additional funding to put these measures in place, as was the case with the plan of struggle against the stall, set up in the school system there is a ten years, says Mr. Tremblay.
“There is no miracle, lance-t-il. If there are no resources to support these efforts, we will not succeed.”
Rate diplomationdans cegeps*
Students who started the college in :
- 1991: 60,9 %
- 1992: 58,7 %
- 1993: 57 %
- 1994: 56,3 %
- 1995: 57,8 %
- 1996: 58,8 %
- 1997: 62,3 %
- 1998: 62,8 %
- 1999: 63 %
- 2000: 64,4 %
- 2001: 65,5 %
- 2002: 65,6 %
- 2003: 66 %
- 2004: 65,4 %
- 2005: 65,8 %
- 2006: 65,6 %
- 2007: 64,8 %
- 2008: 64,1 %
- 2009: 63.6 percent
- 2010: 63.7 percent
- 2011: 63,8 %
* This is the graduation rate two years after the expected duration of studies, which takes into account students who have obtained a diploma four years after they have started a pre-university program (duration of two years) or five years after they have started a technical program (expected duration of three years).
Source : Council supérieurde Education, march 2019
The number of students with special needs explodes
The number of students with special needs has exploded in the cegeps public of the province : over the past ten years, the increase is of nearly 1300 %. And this portrait represents only “the tip of the iceberg”, according to an expert.In the jargon of college, we talk about students “disabilities” : they have an attention deficit disorder, learning disabilities, mental health problems or a physical disability.
In 2007, there were 1300, a number that rose to nearly 18 000 in 2017. These young people represent 11 % of all cegep students, a proportion that varies from one institution to the other.
This increase is based on a “good news”, says the Federation of cegeps : these young people are more likely to complete their secondary education and, therefore, to pass through the doors of the cegeps.
But they also represent a challenge for institutions, which are struggling to provide services, as the funding has not followed the same pace.
“The needs are immense and you don’t have the resources to deal with it,” says Yves de Repentigny, vice-president of the national Federation of teachers of Quebec (FNEEQ-CSN), which represents 85% of the teachers of the college.
This portrait is encrypted is also incomplete, since a number of students who had a plan of intervention at the secondary level do not ask for measures of assistance rendered to the college, points out Simon Larose, a professor at the Faculty of educational sciences of Université Laval.
“The colleges are doing an admirable job to provide support services, but one wonders at what point the fit between the services and the needs of students is effective. There was no answer yet,” says this expert who conducts a research on the topic.
Quebec is better than Ontario
According to figures from Statistics Canada shelled by economist Pierre Fortin, the proportion of adults aged 25 to 44 years old who hold a diploma-level professional, technical, or college-is higher in Quebec than in Ontario, or 44 %, compared to 33 %. It is, however, at university level the rub : in Quebec, the proportion of 25-44 who have a university degree is 35 %, compared to 39 % among our neighbors in ontario. “The strength of Québec, it is the college level,” says Mr. Fortin.
A failure, no diploma
According to stakeholders, the graduation rates “historically low” of the college network may be explained in part by the requirement to pass all his classes to complete his studies, in addition to the épreuveuniforme language. “If you lack a physical education class because you are sick, you don’t have your diploma, shows Richard Filion, director general of Dawson College. It is a peculiarity that is not found in other levels of education,neither in secondary school nor at the university.”
More money for the colleges that accept students low
One of the first factors that can predict if the student will get his college diploma is the transcript of the secondary school. Not surprising, then, that the graduation rate be more faiblesdans colleges that accept a majority of students who have an overall average lower secondary school (69% and less). However, the new funding formula college now provides an envelope of $ 3.5 million to give a boost to the collègesqui have a high proportion of students in lower, a first step in the right direction, according to the Fédération des cégeps.