The day of memory and reconciliation: how the Ukraine came to this date

8 may Ukraine celebrates the Day of memory and reconciliation.

День пам'яті і примирення: як в Україну прийшла ця дата

The day of memory and reconciliation, the UN General Assembly in 2004, suggested to celebrate one of the days that are traditionally around the world are considered days of victory over Nazism – 8 or may 9, reported news from Ukraine.

Ukraine celebrates the Day of memory and reconciliation on may 8 , along with many European countries.

History

In many countries around the world celebrate the Day of victory over Nazism, or the Day of the end of the Second world war in Europe, but not may 9, as the 8th, when it was ratified “the unconditional surrender” of the armed forces of Nazi Germany. Signed by the chief of operations staff Colonel-General Jodl on behalf of the President of Germany Karl Dance.

May 8, 1945 in Vancouver

For this reason, 8 may 1945, people in many cities around the world took to the streets, drinking, kissing, dancing, shouting, crying.

May 8, 1945 in Manchester

For most Europeans, may 8, is associated with the end of the horror, which became for the world the Second world war, although there still was the battle for Okinawa, the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the surrender of Japan.

May 9 – the day when Germany signed the instrument of surrender, adjusted by Stalin. Accordingly, in the USSR, this day was declared the Day of victory.

May 8, 1945 in Paris

In the UK, rather pompously celebrated the 60 th and 65-th anniversary of Victory in 2005 and 2010, but generally the celebrations on may 8 annually.

For France, which was occupied may 8 – a holiday ambiguous, but here it is celebrated on a large scale.

In the Czech Republic, 8 may – a public holiday, liberation Day. It also organises a solemn meeting of the exhibition of old military equipment, and reconstruction of some of the battles, and also lay flowers at the graves of the dead.

8 may is celebrated in Germany as the “Day of liberation from national socialism and the Second world war in Europe.” But modestly, with no pomposity, which is natural.

Day of remembrance and reconciliation in Ukraine

In the years of independence in Ukraine there is what is called, a lot of questions on victory Day. In connection with the complicated history of Russian-Ukrainian relations in the twentieth century, because in Russia on may 9 turned into a fake, a tool of propaganda, with terrible slogans like “can you repeat that”, and the absurd attempts to spread the action “Immortal regiment” on Japan and the United Arab Emirates.

Therefore, it is logical that Ukraine tried to distance itself is a celebration in its “Soviet” form. President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko signed in 2015, the decree on new holiday – Day of memory and reconciliation, which aims “to honour the heroism of the Ukrainian people and its significant contribution to the victory of anti-Hitler coalition in the Second world war, and Express our respect to all fighters against Nazism”.

New symbol

In Russia as a symbol of victory Day, use a St. George ribbon, which began to actively “roll” in 2005 to mark the 60th anniversary of the victory over Nazism. The idea of the campaign “St. George ribbon” is midiproducer, Deputy chief editor of RIA Novosti, Natalia Losev.

In Ukraine, the St. George ribbon completely discredited itself, becoming a symbol of separatism, “VATTA” and Russian aggression.

So in 2014 Zurab Alasania – as the CEO of National television company of Ukraine – appealed to the Kharkov designer Sergey Mishakin with a proposal to create a logo dedicated to the Second world war.

The designer has developed a logo for two days, taking the usual for Europe, the symbol of remembrance of the victims of the war – the red poppy. For the first time as a symbol of memory, the color of the poppy featured in the poem by canadian military physician John McCrea “In Flanders fields” (1915), which begins with the words: “In Flanders fields between the crosses / the wind Shakes the poppy series”. After a few years the poppy has become a symbol of remembrance of American soldiers who died during the First world war; Now used in many European countries and the United States as a symbol of remembrance of the victims of the Second world war.

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