Scientists from the Institute of General genetics in Moscow, and Harvard University conducted a joint study on the genomes of the indigenous peoples living in the interior of Eurasia.
Oleg Balanovsky, Johannes Krause and David Rach had collected DNA samples of 763 people from Russia, Armenia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Mongolia, Tajikistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan, according to .
In addition, they extracted samples from ancient remains of people that lived in the vicinity of the village of Botai in Kazakhstan. It is believed that the members of this tribe the first who managed to domesticate horses, descendants of animals are wild Przewalski’s horses.
“What is our life? Game!”“World mind games”: the premiere of “the World” “We found not only corridors, but also barriers to migration” – said Oleg Balanovsky.
The study showed that all the peoples living on the territory of the former USSR can be divided into three groups, depending on the climatic zones: a Northern, inhabited the taiga and tundra, the inhabitants of humid steppes and forests and the inhabitants of the arid steppes of the South.
In the genome of representatives of each group attended as “Western” and “Eastern” variations DNA. This shows that the tribes could migrate along their native latitudes.
But there were also obstacles for such “travel”, for example, the Caucasus mountains. Natural barriers also separated the future of the Northern regions of Russia from East Siberia and Altai.
Genetics also came to the conclusion that the mysterious Botica were close relatives of the Northern Eurasians – ancient inhabitants of the European part of Russia. Their remains were found in the twentieth century, in particular, near Voronezh.
And the descendants of these people were representatives of the Okunev culture. It’s nomadic pastoralists who inhabited the modern Khakassia and South of Krasnoyarsk region in the second Millennium BC.
In the course of further research, the scientists plan to study the genomes of the remaining peoples, including those living in remote areas. One of the challenges they face to understand the roots of the Altai peoples.
Earlier it was reported that the peoples of Siberia have found a particular genetic mutation that helped them to adapt to constant cold.