The Guardian: in order to survive, NATO needs a “shot of adrenaline” and a proper strategy against Russia

Guardian: чтобы выжить, НАТО нужен «укол адреналина» и правильная стратегия в отношении России

Contrary to statements by Emmanuel Macron, the brain NATO is in order, but the Alliance is facing serious challenges, writes in his article for The Guardian, the American political scientist Michael Fuchs. To handle them, NATO needs “adrenaline shot”, and to ensure it can only do the members of the Alliance returned to its roots, says the expert. In his opinion, NATO in particular, should remember that it was created for the containment of Moscow and to find the right strategy against Russia.

The US President Donald trump has plunged NATO into a state of “crisis” — “the leader of the most important member countries of the Alliance” regularly criticize him and “acting like the other members have to pay America the money for the “protection” of”, showing that he simply does not understand nor value the Alliance, or even the principles of its functioning, which do not involve payments among the countries of the contributions of others, writes on the pages of The Guardian, the American political scientist and senior researcher at political NGOs “Centre for progress of America” by Michael Fuchs. In addition, stresses Fuchs, Mr. trump praised the leader’s “main rival” NATO, Russia and even asked Moscow’s help during his campaign. Finally, an American leader without any coordination with NATO suddenly withdrew from Syria, despite the seriousness of the possible consequences of such a step for Europe’s security, the analyst.The withdrawal of U.S. forces from Syria was the “last straw” for the President of France Emmanuel Makron, who in his recent interview with The Economist announced the”death brain” of the Alliance, urging Europe to take responsibility for ensuring its security itself, the article says. The macron, however, was not the only leader, who “bothered” the current state of Affairs — for example, at the last summit of the Alliance in London, the Prime Minister of Canada Justin Trudeau in a very rigid manner, answered criticisms of trump at the lack of activity of the US allies within the Alliance, reminding him of the significant contributions of Ottawa to transatlantic security. In addition, soon published the video, which Trudeau and other summit participants “amused” over trump; the American leader that, apparently, touched he “has collected toys and went to the matinee”, the author writes.However, before the Alliance issues are “bigger trump” — regardless of how long he will stay in the presidential chair, NATO will have to think about how to protect themselves from threats that hit “the very essence”, says Fuchs. The operation of the Alliance in Afghanistan — his first mission away from their own borders — has dragged on for many years without any results; the Turkish leader Recep Tayyip Erdogan, invaded the territory that was defended by three of its partner in the Alliance — the US, UK and France; while the Turkey — and along with it, and Hungary — “emasculated their democratic system,” and began to establish relations with Russian President Vladimir Putin, as Ankara also began to buy Russian weapons, lists the expert.In order “to maintain relevance”, all the unions need to evolve, and NATO’s past success: after the cold war, the Alliance has accepted the membership of new members, and after the terrorist attacks in USA on 11 September — were against terrorism, says Fuchs. Meanwhile, the latest “Strategic concept” document, which outlines his priorities, dates back to 2010, and in order to adapt to the modern world, in which exist “again became aggressive Russia, an unreliable American President, ever more serious challenges from China and instability in the EU”, NATO, it’s time once again to”evolve”, says the analyst.As the analyst, the Alliance can be strengthened if “back to my roots”. “NATO was created to deter the Soviet Union, to protect the young democracies of Western Europe and bonds of the United States and the Old world, explains Fuchs. — Just replace the Soviet Union, Russia — and these three goals will be nowhere more relevant”.In the opinion of the expert, in order to achieve these objectives, the Alliance will need to ensure four conditions. First, it needs to be “to preserve its democratic identity”: NATO is not only a military Union, but the Union that represents democratic values and, therefore, it is necessary not only to make these values a condition of membership, but also to punish those members who have made at their “erosion”, like Turkey, Hungary and Poland, or even to exclude them, says the author.Second, Alliance members must consider it as part of the wider transatlantic relationship, continues Fuchs. According to experts, NATO’s future is inextricably linked to the future of the European Union, which “blossomed” under the auspices of the Alliance, but now is experiencing serious difficulties, “starting and ending breccia democratic erosion in some member countries”. This means that the Europeans should be more responsible and careful with the EU, and the US — to establish a unit “special relationship”.Third, the Alliance needs “the correct strategy” towards Russia, says the analyst. NATO should restrain Moscow and to support their neighbors like Ukraine who want to be “closer to Europe”, but face because of this “Russian threat”. This, however, does not mean that the Alliance should go back to the methods of the cold war: Brussels also needs to look for ways to cooperate with Moscow on such issues as non-proliferation of nuclear weapons and to promote dialogue to defuse tensions, leaving Russia to change course, he said.Fourth, the allies must strengthen relations with other democratic countries in the world, calls on the Fuchs. There are countries all over the planet, and they have with the Alliance of shared values and interests, and they often face the same threats. NATO members need to look abroad for military allies and democratic partners and to create the appropriate platform, the author.“The brain NATO is not dead, but he still needs a shot of adrenaline, and this shot can only be done by members of the Alliance, if they will return to the values that gave rise to it and” — sums up the Fuchs.

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