Here it is, complicated history of the bathing suit.
Ancient Rome and the medieval “death” of the swimsuit
No wonder the Ancient times considered the age of harmony of mind, spirit and flesh. The ancient Greeks and Romans are not only seen in the human body is nothing to be ashamed of, but thought it aesthetically beautiful, the sublime. The representatives of the ancient world did not despise sports, so something like a modern bikini can be seen on the frescoes of the specified period, informs Rus.Media.
With the onset of the “dark” middle Ages the human body has changed dramatically. It is clear that the question of physical development and could not be, and in particular about bathing. For centuries swimsuit, like the proverbial Dracula, spent in waiting for a more appropriate time. Fortunately, that time has come.
Chaste 19th century: the main thing – not to drown
Perhaps it is Jean-Jacques Rousseau with his “slogan “Back to nature!” it is possible to count the life of a new bathing suit. Finally, swimming in the ponds has become one of the variations of the HLS of the late 18-19 century. However, the “swimsuit” this period the least was intended to be comfortable and not restrict movement wear. The main purpose of swimsuit was keeping up appearances: a woman, in fact, was dressed in almost identical casual dress, bonnet, stockings, shoes, and boots – only “bathing”.
Because the law of gravity in water, not acted to the bathing kit sometimes sewn metal “weights” to skirt behaved decently and no one saw a piece of lady’s legs (and also that the skirt was not on the head).
Thanks to the advent of rail transportation the opportunity to “enjoy the sea” with the health benefits ceased to be the prerogative of the elite. Couturier had to revise the “moral” criteria and to offer the more convenient options of bathing suits. Instead of impractical dresses ankle-length – loose tunic with belt and trousers below the knee. Unfortunately the stockings as part of the swimsuit was preserved, but to enter the water without shoes, some women is still allowed.
Women (e.g., Victorian England) it was improper to bathe together with men, and especially to show them a bathing suit. Along the coastline on the beaches of the 19th century is the so-called bathing machine – a kind of “houses” on wheels (wood or canvas) in which a highly moral lady could change for swimming. Then the bathing machine was delivered the lady directly into the water.
The beginning of the 20th century: a revolution in the world of swimwear
Despite the fact that in 1912, women’s swimming was included in the program of the Olympic games, bathing suit for the fair sex in the first two decades remained the most closed: only the forearms and the feet were allowed to bare. However, without the rebellious antics not done.
One Australian swimmer Annette Kellerman dared to make changes in the design of the swimsuit, cut off the sleeves and the legs have a standard male tights. And in 1907, was removed from the competition (in the US) and arrested for “lewd behavior”. To be admitted to the competition, Annette Kellerman had to be sewn to the ill-fated tights pant legs, sleeves and even collar. Later, however, “rebel” has launched her own line of swimwear “Annette Kellerman”.
However, the process of democratization beach fashion was irreversible: skirts became shorter, there was a short (in any case not above the knee!), shoulders was also permitted to expose within reason. Women constantly strove to discover some more of the body: in the 1920-ies the fashion is tan.
Gabrielle Chanel, of course, also had a hand in the Holy cause of women’s struggle against Patriarchal conventions. Swimwear from Chanel” was different elegant courage: for example, the model of 1922 included a rather short skirt and left open hands and shoulders
1920-1930-ies: the hunt for the “whores”
The guardians of morality earlier was on the alert. In the US, for example, “troop morale” (a kind of “morality police”) walked along the beach with a measuring tape and could easily arrest the young ladies, whose beach skirt or shorts above the knee more than 15 centimeters (6 inches). So, in 1921 in the state of new Jersey, have arrested a mother for what she pulled the stockings below the knees.
1940-ies and bikini Louis Rear: good-bye, “suit”!
Already in 1932 – a new breakthrough in “swimming mode”: the couturier Jacques Heim (Heim) creates a very chaste (shorts high waist bra like top), but owolawi a modest strip of belly tankini swimsuit. By the way, Jacques Heim in 1946, first proposed the extremely Frank fashion tankini swimsuit with “romantic” for the nuclear age called “Atom” (i.e. “very small pieces of fabric”).
However, in the same 1946 (though two months later) its competitor Louis Rare offers fashionistas the most open, brazen model bikini. Yes, and leads his colleagues Jacques Heim: “Bikini – divided Atom is!”. Alluding to “the bomb” in the world “swimwear fashion” Louis Rare named this swimsuit in honor of the Bikini Atoll in the Pacific ocean (where the us military conducted nuclear bomb tests).
Model Rear was so outspoken by the standards of the 1940s, fashion models refused to go out in a bikini on the runway. The situation was saved by a more relaxed Micheline Bernardini, a dancer from the music hall “Casino de Paris”. They say that after the show she received about 50,000 letters from enthusiastic men.
The swimsuit tells everything about a woman except the maiden name of her mother,” and which, according to Louis Rear, you can skip through a wedding ring, a long time caused a shock in the power of the bourgeoisie and criticism. The authoritative edition until the late 1950s said that “good girl” would never wear a bikini. In Spain, Italy and Portugal, this model was banned, and the Vatican has said that the bikini “unable to escape the four horsemen of the Apocalypse”.
However, in 1953 Brigitte Bardot walked around in a bikini on the promenade in Cannes, and after the cult film “James bond 007” in 1962, where the heroine Ursula Anders emerges from the sea in a bikini and a knife on her hip, daring swimsuit ever won the reputation in the world of beach fashion.
Modern swimsuit for religious ladies
Not spared beach fashion and those women who for religious reasons or in connection with the traditions of the state do not have the right to be naked, even partially. For example, Muslim women who love to dress up, relax on the beach in a burkini (a”burqa” is a veil) – a swimsuit that leaves exposed only hands, feet and face. Burqini is made of modern materials – breathable and quick-drying.