A tropical island that once inspired Charles Darwin’s first scientific work, almost completely hidden under a layer of plastic garbage.
Scientists from the University of Tasmania estimated that for small areas of land accumulated 414 million fragments.
We are talking about the Cocos Islands off the coast of Australia, which in the past was famous for the untouched nature. The ship “Beagle” during the world tour stopped at them in 1836.
“What is our life? Game!”“World mind games”: a premiere at the World Now, 180 years later, the island has changed dramatically and not for the better, according to
The researchers collected plastic, glass, wood and metal objects with 25 beaches on seven Islands.
Total weight of waste was 238 tons, about 90% of them were buried under the ground.
Approximately 25% of garbage was disposable plastic items: straws, bags, cooking utensils. In addition, it was found 373 000 old toothbrush and a large number of clothing items, shoes, belts.
Approximately half of plastic waste has disintegrated into small particles (microplastics) with a length of 2-5 millimeters.
The authors noted that their evaluation is not final. They have probed the earth only to a depth of ten centimeters, and some of the beaches are considered real garbage landfills, not able to reach.
According to scientists, only in 2010, the oceans dropped to 12.7 million tons of plastic. About 40% of plastic products were in the trash in the same year in which it was produced.
Since then, the consumption of plastics has only increased. Now oceans drifting approximately 5.25 trillion contaminants of the fragments.
Because a full wipe of the oceans is impossible, the only viable solution is to reduce the production of plastics and waste management, they do not fall into the environment, said scientists.
Earlier it was reported that due to the plastic dumps in the world die every minute two people. The most serious is the problem for developing countries.