If the Orchid is not in bloom, but only puts forth new leaves is the result of wrong feeding.
Orchid – the name itself already sounds beautifully and mysteriously. They filled the whole nature of the tropics and subtropics. The small number of species grow in temperate latitudes. We, the fans, the beauty of orchids has become available through years of efforts of biologists and breeders. In any specialty store selling so-called “industrial orchids”. They are bred specifically for indoor growing and are less whimsical than natural. For reference, we can say that all orchids sold today is a hybrid, but if you delve into genetics, polyploid hybrids are Cattleya, Phalaenopsis, Vanda, Dendrobium and Cymbidiums. For such hybrids characteristic larger flowers than species of orchids, informs Rus.Media.
The difficulty of growing orchids
In fact, almost all natural orchids are very hardy and active. But many cultural hybrids easily tamed. There are many cases of longevity of Orchid in a hothouse environment – the majority of plants live up to 70 years.
Common representatives of the Orchid family, cultivated in industrial and indoor horticulture:
- Epiphytes – Vanda, Dendrobium, Cattleya, can, celeghini, Cymbidium, Phalaenopsis.
- Ground Orchid – bletilla, lady’s slipper, kalanta.
A method of growing a traditional or intensive
All the plants for sale are propagated and grown in a special industrial greenhouses, most intense way. The purpose of this method is to get the Orchid to grow and bloom with a competent use of growth accelerators and stimulators of flowering.
The traditional way softer – compliance with the life cycles of orchids. Distinct life periods of the plant: growth, flowering, peace – everything is in position for plants.
Bought Orchid grown intense in a way that can bloom at home anytime. She will wait for similar conditions to which she was accustomed in the industrial greenhouse. Orchid with traditional inclinations will withstand periods of dormancy and flowering. Dendrobium throughout the winter can increase the leaves, and will bloom in April or may. Phalaenopsis in summer and autumn, increasing the leaves, stalks closer to winter, and flowering occurs in early spring.
In order for the Orchid to feel comfortably and successfully bloomed, you need to perform microclimatic requirements of orchids: the maximum irradiance, relative humidity, substrate quality, temperature.
Also need to know about the natural signals of orchids, to which they respond by flowering. Phalaenopsis, Cymbidiums, shoes expect a steady drop in temperature to 13°C and below. Waiting, release the peduncle. For almost all orchids is the value of the difference of day and night temperatures by 2-3 degrees at night is cooler than day. Cattleya and Dendrobium want to bloom only when the increase in daylight hours to 12-15 hours.
Transplant and selection of the correct substrate
Basic rule – you rarely need to repot the Orchid. Or rather, properly fertilize the substrate than is often to disturb the plant change.
Epiphytic Orchid mix of bark, moss, peat and charcoal.
Ground Orchid – semispace with the addition of bark, moss, sand, charcoal, manure.
The correct selection of capacity
Rule – the more roots, the more successful flowering. This rule applies to all flowering plants. It is a mistake to think that the plant needs large space. The spacious pot it will increase the leaves and roots, while the latter do not feel that you have nowhere to grow further and give the command to flowering.
Epiphytic orchids: Vanda, Dendrobium, Cattleya, can, Phalaenopsis, alogeno with confidence can be placed higher on the wall, on a shelf in the pots. This location will bring them closer to nature, because though they are artificially bred hybrids, but their genes remember the past.
The capacity of the leaves of orchids is a natural process of development. Leaves they have zapasami bodies, and the more leaves, the stronger the plant. But here you need to make a reservation on the likelihood that if Orchid 2 or 3 of season blooms, but only let the new leaves is the result of wrong feeding. For flowering any plant needs feeding with the correct percentages of key elements – phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen. Phosphorus and potassium in the fertilizer than nitrogen. Also need the right balance of micronutrients – otherwise the plant will suffer from deficiency of a trace mineral Orchid bloom doesn’t want to.
A little bit of magic
There is a strong opinion that the relationship between person and the owner is affected by astrology. Orchids get along well with Gemini, Aquarius and Fish. Absolutely do not want to live in Rams, Goats and lions.