The occurrence of Turkey in the Kurdish areas of Syria has failed

Наступление Турции на курдские районы Сирии провалилось

The Turkish operation was “the Source of peace” in the North-East of Syria have not succeeded. On the contrary, it has led to consequences, which Ankara would like to avoid. For example, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, who were waging a hybrid war against Turkey in places like Libya, has strengthened its ties with Iraqi and Syrian Kurds. Meanwhile, the Kurds themselves, though, and suffered damage on the ground, but got a new diplomatic channels. In addition, the Kurds have established closer cooperation with Russia and the Syrian regime. Finally, the competing Kurdish party, which since 2011, are in a state of division, are now actively looking for ways to unite.President Recep Tayyip Erdogan had several military purposes: to abolish the Autonomous administration of Northern and Eastern Syria and all of its components, to create a safety zone of 32 for 180 kilometers along the Syrian border and build in this area the housing for the 2 million refugees.However, this plan didn’t work. Thanks to the agreements signed with the United States and Russia, Syrian democratic forces led by Kurdish people’s protection Units” (SDU) moved 32 kilometers from the border, with the exception of al-Qamishli. The area controlled by Turkey, restricted to a size of 32 to 120 kilometers and covers the city of tel Abyad, RAS al-ain. In Manbij, Kobane and al-Jazeera provide security forces of the Russian military police and local units, and not the Turks. The Americans held the territory stretching from the border town of Derik to Qamishli, Hasaka and Deir ez-Zor, which is also the main route for supplies for U.S. troops. The army of the Syrian regime signed with the SDS agreement providing for its return to the border region, which she left in 2012.Among the countries that reacted very negatively to the operation, “the Source of peace,” was the United Arab Emirates. The Minister of foreign Affairs of the UAE Anwar Gargash called for concrete measures that will not allow Turkey to “organize the Kurdish massacre.”Egypt, which leads to the Turkey of the cold war because of its support of the Muslim brotherhood, also supported the Kurds. Recently, the Egyptian dictator Abdel Fattah El-Sisi struck Erdogan’s harsh criticism in response to the beginning of the invasion, and the leader of the SDS Mazlum cobán thanked Egypt for the support. The Gulf countries are also developing relations with the Kurdistan regional government in Iraq.In media appeared reports that in December in Erbil, capital of Iraqi Kurdistan, landed three cargo planes from the United Arab Emirates. According to Iraqi sources, the aircraft, filled with arms, proceeded to bypass Baghdad and headed for Arbil. Although Kurdish officials in Syria refused to comment, a source close to the Autonomous administration of Kurdistan, said: “it is Possible that some of these weapons were transferred to the paramilitaries “Peshmerga” in Iraq, and the rest – the people’s protection Units in Syria.”In parallel with the external contacts, and changing the balance of forces on the ground. The Kurds have started a dialogue with Damascus when the United States announced its withdrawal, and the Turkish army was deployed in the North-East of Syria. However, after the Americans decided to stay, the dialogue came to a halt. As a result of contacts with the Russian military and diplomatic delegations had reached a new agreement. After meetings in Amud between Mazloom cobán and the Russian General Alexander chaiko, Kurds and Russians came to an agreement on the deployment of Russian troops in the Amud, tel Tamir and Ayn ‘ īsá.Coban said that the Kurds attach great importance to the role of Russia, saying: “it has been an honor to host General chayko. We look forward to joint actions for the benefit of our two countries.”In the ensuing negotiations with Damascus, the Kurds have agreed to the stationing of units of the army of the Syrian regime along the Turkish border. However, the full deployment of the Syrian Arab army (ATS) in areas vacated by the forces of the SDS, was never implemented. Signs of a new breakthrough can be seen in the recent Kurdish and Russian statements that boil down to the fact that “there are no options other than further negotiations with Damascus.”The increased dominance of ATS in the North-East of the country means that Erdogan’s dream was not fulfilled. However, Turkey, perhaps even pleased, that the recent developments destroys the very Foundation of Kurdish autonomy. Turkey, which has considerable influence on the Kurds in Erbil, is able to disrupt the reconstruction efforts of the Kurdish unity. But Ankara is concerned about the bloc of countries of the Persian Gulf, near to the Kurds. Turkey believes that the current maneuvers of Saudi Arabia and the UAE actually intended to disrupt her plans.The representative of the Kurdish people’s protection Units, Nouri Mahmoud said that although they are looking for “solutions, not inconsistent with the territorial integrity of Syria, the Kurds want good relations with all its neighbors, including Turkey”.However, in his words, there are important caveats: “the Gulf Countries are going to interact with the Kurds because of the tension between them and Turkey. Of course, there is the pressure from the United States. No one has shown special interest in finding the solution of the Kurdish question. All use of the Kurds only in its own interests. The Kurds appeared in the center of a conflict between external players. They all lead a cold war in our hands. The Syrian regime does not have its own free will, because it is under strong influence from Russia and Iran. All the leaders of major powers, such as Turkey, America and Russia, to protect their national interests.”The real problem is the Kurdish population of Syria, which remains mostly unnoticed and voiced only in private conversations, is the following: the current confrontation may make the Kurds hostage of hybrid wars, or wars of influence between the numerous centers of power.

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