Relaunch green diplomacy. This is the ambition of the “One Planet Summit” devoted to biodiversity. The event, organized by France, begins in Paris on Monday January 11. It will bring together around thirty personalities mainly by video because of the health crisis, a pandemic which illustrates precisely the dangers of environmental disturbances.
Among the participants, UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres, World Bank President David Malpass, Heir to the British Throne Prince Charles, European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, British Prime Ministers Boris Johnson and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, Costa Rican President Carlos Alvarado, ECB President Christine Lagarde and WHO boss Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.
“Converge climate issues”
Everyone should present initiatives or make concrete commitments around the four themes of the conference: protection of terrestrial and marine ecosystems; promotion of agroecology; mobilization of funding; link between deforestation, preservation of species and human health.
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A final hot topic as the Covid-19 pandemic illustrates the worrying multiplication of zoonoses, diseases that pass from animals to humans, in particular due to more frequent contact between species caused by the destruction of wild habitats.
Paris thus hopes “to bring together climate issues and the preservation of ecosystems,” explains a source at the Elysée.
Because faced with epidemics as well as global warming (the year 2020 has just been classified as the hottest tie ever recorded) “the preservation of biodiversity is somewhere our collective life insurance”.
The “One Planet” aims to “participate in the construction of the mobilization” by “showing that it is possible to act for the preservation of the planet, of biodiversity, in a very concrete way”.
Regarding the protection of ecosystems, the summit wants to relaunch the “Coalition of high ambition for nature” – headed by France, Great Britain and Costa Rica -, with the objective of integrating some fifty countries, each committing to place 30% of its territory in protected areas.
A coalition for financing for biodiversity?
On the issue of financing for biodiversity, it aims to lead a coalition aiming to devote 30% of public financing for the climate to “solutions based on nature” (reforestation for example). The creation of an alliance of private investors could also be announced.
In the field of agroecology, various projects should be announced.
The “One Planet” will also be preceded by an investment forum dedicated to the African Union’s “Great Green Wall” program, which aims to combat desertification around the Sahara.
Forum whose objective is to obtain commitments totaling 10 billion dollars.
And on the link between biodiversity and health, the “One Planet” must in particular launch a research alliance on “prevention of the emergence of zoonoses” (Prezode), aimed at bringing together various existing programs.
2020, almost a white year
Green diplomacy has fallen behind, with an almost blank year in 2020. On the biodiversity side, the congress of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and the COP15, which aims to establish a global plan to protect and restore ‘By 2050, the ecosystems essential to humanity had to be postponed to autumn 2021. On the climate side, the COP26 scheduled for Glasgow (Scotland) has also been postponed for one year, to November 2021 if all goes well.