France is taking over the leadership on the climate. Emmanuel Macron is organizing, Monday, January 11, in Paris a third edition of the “One Planet Summit” devoted to biodiversity, with the aim of relaunching green diplomacy put on hold by the Covid-19.
About thirty personalities must intervene, mainly by video because of the health crisis. Among them, the Secretary General of the United Nations (UN) Antonio Guterres, the President of the World Bank David Malpass, the heir to the British throne Prince Charles, the President of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen, the German Chancellor Angela Merkel , British Prime Ministers Boris Johnson and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, Costa Rican President Carlos Alvarado, ECB President Christine Lagarde or World Health Organization (WHO) boss Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.
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Everyone should present initiatives or make concrete commitments around the four themes of the conference: protection of terrestrial and marine ecosystems; promotion of agroecology; mobilization of funding; link between deforestation, species preservation and human health.
A final hot topic as the Covid-19 pandemic illustrates the worrying increase in zoonoses, diseases that pass from animals to humans, in particular due to more frequent contact between species caused by the destruction of wild habitats.
2020, considered a quasi white year
Paris hopes so “Bring together climate issues and the preservation of ecosystems,” explains a source at the Elysee. Because in the face of epidemics as well as global warming (the year 2020 has just been classified as the hottest tie ever recorded) “The preservation of biodiversity is somewhere our collective life insurance”.
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However, green diplomacy has fallen behind, with an almost blank year in 2020. On the biodiversity side, the congress of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and the COP15, which aims to establish a global plan to protect and restore by 2050 the ecosystems essential to humanity, had to be postponed to autumn 2021. On the climate side, the COP26 scheduled for Glasgow (Scotland) has also been postponed by one year, to November 2021 if all goes well .
The “One Planet” therefore aims to “Participate in the construction of mobilization” to succeed in this diplomatic sequence in “Showing that it is possible to act for the preservation of the planet, of biodiversity, in a very concrete way”.
Various projects expected in agroecology
Regarding the protection of ecosystems, the summit wants to relaunch “Coalition of high ambition for nature” – headed by France, Great Britain and Costa Rica – with the objective of integrating some fifty countries, each committing to place 30% of its territory in protected areas.
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On the issue of financing for biodiversity, it aims to lead a coalition aiming to devote 30% of public financing for the climate to “Nature-based solutions” (reforestation for example). The creation of an alliance of private investors could also be announced.
In the field of agroecology, various projects should be announced. The “One Planet” will also be preceded by an investment forum dedicated to the “Great green wall” of the African Union, which aims to combat desertification around the Sahara. Forum whose objective is to obtain commitments totaling 10 billion dollars. A monitoring mechanism must also be put in place.
And on the link between biodiversity and health, the “One Planet” must in particular launch a research alliance on “Prevention of the emergence of zoonoses” (Prezode), aiming to federate various existing programs.
A meeting with committed farmers scheduled for Tuesday
The day after this summit, Emmanuel Macron will travel to Eure to meet committed farmers ” in agroecology and in the restoration of biodiversity ”, reports the Elysee. He will be accompanied by several ministers, including agriculture minister Julien Denormandie.
Emmanuel Macron will be particularly interested in the action of Economic and Environmental Interest Groups (GIEE), which allow the State to recognize the collective commitment of farmers in modifying or consolidating their practices by aiming to economic, environmental and social performance, specified the Elysee.