© CC0, PxhereThursday, 31 October, Ukrainian magazine “New time” together with the investment company Dragon Capital made the next rating of the richest Ukrainians.As shown by the assessment of five of the largest tycoons of the country, collectively they hold $16.6 billion. Although over the past year, since the previous estimates, they lost about $3.8 billion, and lost Rinat Akhmetov. For many years he headed the rating.
The top five were:
Rinat Akhmetov — $9,629 billion (lost per year 21%, or $2.6 billion);
Victor Pinchuk — $2,310 billion (- 14% or $390 million);
Vadim Novinsky — $1,767 billion (a 22% or $533 million);
Igor Kolomoisky — $1,480 (- 8% or $120 million);
Gennadiy Bogolyubov — $1,376 billion (- 16% or $224 million).
Last year in the top five of the rich, not much change has occurred, except that Igor Kolomoisky has overtaken its longtime ally Gennady Bogolyubov.
It comes on the heels of ex-President Petro Poroshenko, occupying the sixth place ranking for the year to significantly improve their financial situation, in contrast to the first five. As the ex-President for the year increased by 12% and amounted to $1,253 billion.
Probably this tendency was the main reason for the new Alliance between the “successful businessman” from the policies of Petro Poroshenko and the largest tycoon, Rinat Akhmetov.
Dmitry Firtash, who occupies the eighth position, is greater than all multiply their wealth at $ 300 million, though, and remains under house arrest in Austria awaiting extradition to the US. His inter media group continues to be one of the most influential players on the Ukrainian media market with a share of approximately 20%.
Good things are, it seems, and the owners of the company “Epicenter” of Alexander and Galina Geregu, occupying the 7th spot of the list. As with other owners of the largest chain stores, the co-owners of ATB-Market Gennady Butkevich, Evgeny Ermakov and Victor Karachun divided 31-33 place, and the owner of Rozetka , Vladislav Chechetkin — in the 29th position of the ranking.
By as much as 285% increase in their state brothers Klyuev, one of whom was the head of the presidential Administration of Viktor Yanukovych. The soaring value of their assets was primarily due to the successful work of the company “Ukrgrafit”, a leading Ukrainian manufacturer of graphite electrodes for electric steel, ore-smelting, and other types of electric furnaces.
Tenth in the list is the controversial businessman Mykola Zlochevsky, ex-owner of the company “Burisma”, developing a year 8% of his fortune, despite accusations of “interfering in American elections.” Zlochevsky chose the profitable tactics when he decided to share part of his fortune with Western politicians.
If we evaluate the state of the first hundred Ukrainian rich, together they hold $34,8 billion, equivalent to 23% of GDP. In the calculation conditions were taken into account only the key business assets: industrial and commercial companies, banks, commercial real estate, and also took into account the income from the sale of the business for the last eight years. However, it should also be taken into consideration that a significant portion of the Ukrainian oligarchs formally rewritten by other people, so the “specific weight” of their capital in the economy even more.
The richest citizen of Ukraine Rinat Akhmetov, though, and lost more all in recent years, still heads the list of “moneybags”. After 2014 he place with the ex-President Petro Poroshenko managed to enrich themselves at the expense of ordinary Ukrainian consumers thanks to the formula “Rotterdam +”. The basis of his business Empire is mining and metallurgical company “Metinvest” that sell metal ore to foreign markets.
Approximately 25% of the shares of the company is in the hands of Vadim Novinsky, who stands third in the list of richest people of Ukraine. Due to favorable market conditions in these markets (price of iron ore has increased over the year by 41%), the company was able to increase profit over the last year.
As noted by Andrey Bespyatov, managing Director of the analytical Department of Dragon Capital investment company, mining and metallurgical industry remains the largest in the country, although during the year its value fell by almost a quarter.
However, dozens fell, the owner of Agroholding Myronivsky Hliboproduct (MHP) Yuri Kosyuk and co-owner of group “Privat” Alexei Martynov. A year ago, the assets of the Kosyuk was estimated at nearly $1 billion, and this year — to $663 million (-27%). The main reason “podeshevenie” oligarch and ally of former President Poroshenko — falling prices for agricultural commodities on world markets.
For the oligarchs who made bets on agricultural products, this year in General was bad: the prices for this product are highly volatile, however, they are well aware of and quite capable of “revenge” next year.
Ukrainian oligarchs are constantly losing some of his fortune, then take it out next year, betting on other assets. Pinchuk, Kolomoisky, Poroshenko and Novinsky can change places in the list, “pressing” each other certain assets. However, the top of the list remains unchanged for many years.
And who does not envy, so it is ordinary Ukrainians. Their average purchasing power continues to fall, with the formal increase of salaries and pensions. According to the Ukrainian Association of trade networks a year ago, the average salary of an average Ukrainian could buy 412 pounds of white bread, now only 380. The fall in the purchasing power of Ukrainians have said before, and economist Alexander Okhrimenko, making “the rating the fat.”
According to him, in comparison with 2013, in 2018 the average Ukrainian’s monthly salary could buy 11 kg of fat less. The study, conducted in October by GfK (GfK you purchaseing Power Europe 2019), said that Ukrainians in the purchasing power behind all of the European continent, closing the list and following after Kosovo and Moldova.
More than half of their income Ukrainians working at home, spending on food, and still they have in fact only to pay for public services that is characteristic of the poorest countries in the world.Dmitry Kovalevich