The american Senate adopted on Thursday a resolution aimed at limiting military action by Donald Trump against Iran, in a new snub to the u.s. president, who is expected to use its right of veto.
Rare in the upper House of Congress controlled by republicans, eight of them joined the democrats to approve this resolution (55 for, 45 against).
The text requests the president not to engage the armed forces in hostilities against Iran or any portion of its government or its army “, without explicit authorization for a declaration of war or a specific authorization for use of military force.
He stressed, however, that the president retains the ability to engage in military action in the event of an attack “imminent” against the country.
The resolution must be sent to the House of representatives, controlled by democrats, where she is likely to be confirmed.
The adoption of this text would launch a “very bad signal” to the security of the United States, had warned Donald Trump Wednesday on Twitter.
“If my hands were tied, Iran would give heart to joy “, a-t-it added, accusing the democrats of wanting to ” embarrass the republican party “.
“A greater risk “
The democrats were deeply worried about the peak of tensions occurred after the strikes that the u.s. has killed a powerful general of the iranian, Qassem Soleimani, on the 3rd of January.
Tehran had responded by firing missiles on bases used by the us army in Iraq and more than 100 american soldiers had suffered from ” concussion light “.
“The president, Trump has trampled on the Constitution, bypassed Congress, and launched a strike that killed the general Soleimani,” said democrat Tammy Duckworth after the vote.
“I’m glad he is dead,” said this former soldier who lost both his legs in Iraq. But ” this decision poses a greater risk to Americans because (the president) did not have a good plan to respond to the consequences of the war “.
The House had approved in early January by a comfortable majority (224 votes in favour, 194 against) a separate resolution, but on the same subject.
The version presented by democratic senator Tim Kaine has been amended to gain the support of some republican senators, outraged by the fragmentary information given by the White House on the spectacular operation against the head of the Quds Force, the elite unit of the iranian regime in charge of external operations.
There is a consensus within the us political class to say that the iranian government “supports terrorism” and that general Soleimani was “the principal architect of the most disruptive activities of Iran across the world,” stated the resolution of the House.
But democrats have accused Donald Trump of having carried out an operation “disproportionate and provocative” to eliminate Soleimani.
The billionaire republican believes not to be “obliged” to seek the parliamentarians before ordering military strikes against an enemy target.
In April 2017, several elected officials americans had been criticized by Donald Trump for not having consulted the Congress before conducting strikes against a military base in syria, according to him responsible for a chemical attack against civilians in the rebel province of Idleb.
Since 1973, the “War Powers Resolution” compels the u.s. president to obtain authorization from Congress for any military intervention of more than 60 to 90 days.
George W. Bush had obtained it after the attacks of September 11, 2001, and before the american intervention in Iraq. They were not limited in duration.
These two authorities constitute the legal basis controversial us operations in Iraq and Syria against the group islamic State (EI).
A few hours before the vote on Thursday, an air base housing u.s. soldiers in northern Iraq was hit by a rocket, without getting injured, according to a first assessment of the sources of security.
The u.s. military also announced Thursday have intercepted in the Arabian sea a cargo of weapons from the iranian for the rebels yemeni Houthis.
In 2019, Donald Trump had already suffered a blow when the Congress had passed a resolution demanding the cessation of american support for the military coalition of saudi arabia in the war in Yemen, with the exception of transactions in groups of jihadists. There had vetoed.