The United States are at a turning point in the fight against racism?

Les États-Unis sont-ils à un tournant de la lutte contre le racisme?

The massive protests which have rocked the United States are sounding the death knell of racism and police violence ? The question agitates the country, still smarting from the failure of previous mobilizations to achieve ” racial justice “.

What’s new in these demonstrations ?

From Miami to Seattle, via New York or Los Angeles, crowds pounding the pavement since a white policeman was asphyxiated, may 25, at Minneapolis, George Floyd, an African-American 46-year-old.

This is not the first time that the country ignited after the death of a black man at the hands of the police. But demonstrations had never before had such a scale since the movement of the struggle for civil rights in the 1960s.

And more importantly, for the first time in years, the parades are a lot of white Americans. “It is very encouraging to see people of all backgrounds,” commented AC Channer, a black musician crossed a few days ago on the site of the drama. “I think everyone has had enough! “he added, full of hope of change.

What are the first advanced ?

This mobilization has worked to change attitudes.

Nearly half of Americans (49%) believe today that the police is more likely to use excessive force against a suspect is black, compared to 25% in 2016, according to a survey of the university of Monmouth.

“There are still seven years, it was extremely radical to say +Black lives matter” + (lives black count) “, has recently recalled one of the founders of the movement, Patrisse Cullors. Now, the term is inscribed in capital letter in front of the White House with the support of the mayor of Washington.

More concretely, several cities have announced the first reforms of their police services: Houston has banned the use of ” taken-neck “, Washington is going to exclude the trade unions disciplinary procedures instituted against agents, New York wants to make their liabilities accessible to the public…

At the national level, elected democrats of Congress have filed a bill that addresses, among other things, to the broad immunity enjoyed by the police.

Will they be sufficient ?

The reforms are complicated by the fact that it exists in the United States nearly 18 000 entities to police of self-government (municipal police officers, sheriffs of counties, patrols of States…) that have their own rules of recruitment, training, authorized practice…” It is imperative that we have federal standards, ” noted the chief of police of Houston, Art Acevedo during a hearing in Congress.

However, the deep divisions between elected democrats and republicans leave little opportunity for the emergence of a consensus text. While denouncing a crime ” horrible “, the party of president Donald Trump sees in it the work of” a bad apple “, and refuses a profound rethinking of police services.

What would he more ?

“It is necessary that we begin to educate our next leader, so that he could be a successor to Jesse Jackson “, the voice aging of the black cause, recently highlighted Jalilia Abdul – Brown, a militant cross in Minneapolis.

But for the movement Black lives matter, it is better as well. “Our generation does not want to have a single messenger, especially because it’s not safe,” said Patrisse Cullors. “Then we work on the message on the team even if sometimes it takes a little more time “.

This can also create confusion. The emergence of the slogan “defund the police” (cut off funds to the police) was perceived as going too far, even if its authors wish especially to insist on the need to allocate more funds to the fight against socio-economic inequality (education, health, etc.) affecting African-Americans.

In fact, Donald Trump, who briguera a second term on 3 November, to hold, to denounce ” the radical left “. “This is pure madness,” she said Wednesday, the parliamentary republican Jim Jordan.

And the elections ?

“The purpose of the events is to raise public awareness of the injustices and to ensure that the powerful are uncomfortable,” said the former democratic president Barack Obama on the platform of the blog Medium. “But in the end, it is necessary that the aspirations are reflected in legislation and in institutional practices and in a democracy, this only happens when we vote.”

“The elected officials who count the most in terms of reforms of the police services working at the local level, or of the States “, he noted, before concluding: “Let us work “.

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