The United States announced Friday that they were going to meet 15 % of the customs taxes imposed on the Airbus aircraft imported from Europe, while leaving unchanged the rates that penalize other sectors of both sides of the Atlantic.
Since October, in retaliation for the subsidies to european aircraft manufacturer Airbus, the u.s. government imposes tariffs punitive damages to $ 7.5 billion of imported products (including wine, cheese, coffee, olives and anoraks) to the tune of 25 %, except for aircraft, which were taxed at 10 %. It will be 15 % from the 18 march.
The old conflict of 15 years between Airbus to Boeing through their States, add to trade tensions between Washington and Brussels.
Therefore, each new decision, the different sectors concerned are holding their breath, in the hope that their category be removed from the list, and in the fear that the prices will not be increased.
“The industry of spirituous beverages of both sides of the Atlantic has sufficiently suffered “, has responded to Friday the Distilled Spirits Council, a professional association of american. It calls on the authorities to withdraw the tax of 25 % on whiskies american union, and those of 25 per cent on liquors imported from 5 european countries, believing that they penalize the United States economy and threaten jobs.
But the american president Donald Trump also uses these taxes as an instrument of negotiation.
After months of trade war with China, to shots of tariffs as a punitive reciprocal, he said “our strategy paid off!” when the two countries signed an agreement in mid-January.
His focus is now on Europe. Donald Trump and the president of the european Commission, and Ursula Von der Leyen, have announced at the end of January, after a meeting in Davos (Switzerland), their willingness to re-launch the site transatlantic business and conclude an agreement in the coming weeks.
But for the time being, negotiations have not been concluded, and the relations remain strained, while the host of the White House wields always the threat of taxation on imports of european cars, that shook, in particular, the industrial germans.
On Monday, he said that it was time to negotiate seriously ” a trade agreement with the european Union. He hoped that the member countries of the EU should be more open their market to u.s. products, particularly agricultural.
Recently, his administration has threatened to overtax “up to 100 %” the equivalent of 2.4 billion worth of French products. What to bring to a simmer producers, but also importers american of French wine, who, in a letter to the USTR, have encrypted 11 200 78 600 job losses in the United States if those threats were put into execution.
The French winemakers are clamoring to Airbus a compensation fund in the amount of 300 million euros to compensate them.
“I understand their deep frustration of being taken hostage,” responded Guillaume Faury, the boss of Airbus, at a press conference in Toulouse on Thursday. But “take on Airbus, it is to be unaware of the situation of the relationship of block against block in which we find ourselves (…) I think that this is not the right solution,” he said.
In October, after 15 years of court battle, the world trade Organization (WTO) had authorized Washington to take sanctions record, judging that the aircraft manufacturer european had received grants undue.
Delta Air Lines, american company client of Airbus, had deplored these sanctions, believing that tariffs would cause ” serious harm to u.s. airlines, to the millions of Americans they employ and to travellers “.
In a procedure, the mirror, the WTO is expected in the spring to allow the EU to impose its own customs duties in response to subsidies, improper payments by the u.s. government to Boeing.