© RIA Novosti, stringer November 4 — deadline to which 40 us congressmen have asked Secretary Mike Pompeo to answer their appeal regarding the making of a regiment “Azov” in the list of terrorist organizations. It is unknown what the response of gosdepartamenta already obvious that “Azov” are concerned and in the circles close to the Executive power of the United States. On 26 September, a famous expert group “Center of Suphan” presented 80-page report on transnational racist extremism in which much has been said about Ukraine. Fighters “Azov” with torches on the March in honor of the 75th anniversary of the UPA are depicted on the cover of this booklet.
Before presenting the translation of what is written in the report on the Ukrainian subject, a few words should be said about the head of the center Ali Sufan. He was born in 1971 in Lebanon in the late 1980s, moved to the United States, graduated from Mansfield University in Pennsylvania, and then began to work for the FBI, where he quickly advanced, the institution owned a few Arabic language. In 2006, the magazine “the new Yorker” wrote that Sufan came the closest to the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001, and he was prevented only by the fact that the CIA of departmental interests not shared with the FBI information. In 2005 he retired from the FBI and established the expert group “Center of Suphan”, which studies global security.
About the authority of Suphan said that in September 2012, the Minister of internal Affairs of the United States Janet Napolitano included it in the Advisory Council on internal security. In 2015, he became part of the Subcommittee on violent extremism this body. And the Advisory Council for internal security is part of the office of the President of the United States. Suphan therefore can be considered representative of the Executive branch of the United States, but the report of its center, thus, can be considered according to circles close to the Executive. Another thing is that in these circles there are a variety of opinions, and the Suphan appointee of the previous administration.
According to the website of the “Center of Suphan”, this organization in 2014 have prepared 10 great reports. The previous one was dedicated to either the Middle East or Islamic terrorism. Ukrainian theme existed in the materials of the centre, in particular, in a research note published on March 22, immediately after the attack in Christchurch. The current report is part of the “Azov” largely repeats and expands on her thesis.
The introductory part of the report begins:
“From Pittsburgh to POWAY from Charleston to El Paso (the recent high-profile terrorist attacks in the United States. — PS) white racist extremists (BDT) represented a clear terrorist threat to the United States. Although extremist groups operating on American soil, are often evaluated and classified as a domestic terrorist organization, they have links with transnational networks of like-minded organizations and individuals from Australia, Canada, Russia, South Africa and other countries. The danger of terrorism in the United States, as well as in other countries, is growing due to the fact that white supremacists committed to the idea of racial superiority, strengthen transnational networks and even imitate the tactics, methods and techniques of groups such as al-Qaida and the Islamic state (ISIS) (banned in Russia as extremist organization. — PS). These networks are common approaches to the recruitment, financing and propaganda. Ukraine is becoming a hub of transnational network of white racist extremism, attracting foreign recruits from around the world. If the jihadists go to fight in places such as Syria, the white racist has his theatre of war where they learn to fight — Ukraine, 2014 the raging conflict between Pro-Russian separatists and Ukrainian government forces, drawing on both his fighters from around the world. Recent studies show that this conflict was attended by about 17,000 foreigners from 50 countries, including the United States.To fight in Ukraine, as in the case of Jihad, went not only for ideological reasons. Many militants, especially from Western countries, have used the conflict in Ukraine for the expansion of the global extremist movement of white racists. Those who traveled to the Ukraine in search of adventure for nationalist motives or boredom, can be radicalized and become interested in the ideology of white racism. This shows that white racist extremism (BDT) has transnational roots and global connections and is growing in frequency and intensity of its manifestations.
After September 11, 2001 terrorism for white supremacists brought more death than the terrorism of the jihadists. The anti-defamation League reports that over the last decade at the hands of white racist extremists in the US killed three times more people than at the hands of Islamists. In 2018 the extreme white supremacists were linked to 50 murders, including 11 people killed in the synagogue’s “Tree of Life” in Pittsburgh”.
The conflict in the Donbass concerned about “the heart of Suphan” as a factor contributing to terrorism in the United States. This is evident from the letter from 40 senators who, of course, that report is familiar. Indeed, in his findings the same call, which they repeated in this letter — “to impose sanctions against transnational BDT groups as foreign terrorist groups.”
Groups themselves are not named, but the context leaves no doubt that this refers primarily to the “Azov”. Indeed, in the main body of text a lot is said about American contacts with the Ukrainian extremists.
“Two of the most famous extremist group of white racists in the US, the Division of Atomwaffen (AWD) and the Movement “Rise above” (R. A. M.) have among its members veterans of the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. Members (R. A. M.) went abroad, to Germany, Ukraine and Italy to celebrate the birthday of Adolf Hitler and to strengthen ties with white racist extremists based in Europe.
The leader of the R. A. M., Robert Rando, also developed contacts abroad. The centre for investigative journalism ProPublica, has elaborated on his relationship in Kiev with neo-Nazi , Denis Nikitin and business contacts between R. A. M and the clothing brand, which is owned by Nikitin. After only a few months after the Ukrainian voyage, Rando himself and three other members of the R. A. M. was charged with a series of violent attacks in 2017″.
On this visit Rando wrote and Ukraine.rupaying attention and his performance is sponsored by the “Azov” club of the mixed single combats Reconquista. On the role of fight clubs to strengthen contacts between the radicals and the report says the “Center of Suphan”:
“In Ukraine, extremist racist groups share a common interest in mixed martial arts and the so-called fights without rules. Battalion “Azov” used it as a method of expanding its network, including at the expense of neo-Nazis from the United States, which went to Ukraine to strengthen ties with the racist extremists from Europe and other regions.”
In addition to these isolated references, the Ukraine and the battalion “Azov” is devoted almost two pages of the report (p. 31-33).
“The new epicenter of far-right extremism, it seems, is in Ukraine and Russia. Just as the jihadists used the conflicts in Afghanistan, Chechnya, the Balkans, Iraq, and Syria for the exchange of tactics, methods and techniques, and to strengthen transnational networks, and far-right extremists are using Ukraine as a training ground.
As mentioned above, 17,000 people from more than 50 countries came there to participate in the ongoing conflict. In Ukraine the battalion “Azov” took the service of foreigners, including many citizens of Western countries, motivated by the ideology of white racism and neo-Nazism. They joined his ranks and received training, ideological indoctrination and training in guerrilla actions.
At the end of September a soldier of the U.S. army, stationed at Fort Riley in Kansas, was arrested after he circulated on the Internet instructions for making bombs and planned a trip to Ukraine to fight in the battalion “Azov”. Members of the “Western propaganda office” of “Azov” travel across Europe to advertise the organization and to meet like-minded people. In addition, the group invited the famous ideologists of the white racist extremism to visit Ukraine.
In October 2018 American Greg Johnson, the leading ideologue of the white nationalist movement, came to Ukraine and visited a series of events organized by Nascarpool. In the summer of 2018 in the audience at a rock concert in Thuringia leaflets in German, are invited to become part of the battalion “Azov”: “join the best” to “save Europe from extinction”. Similar attempts to infiltrate the German society, playing on the strings of hatred and racism occur regularly.
There are striking similarities between the Western propaganda office of the “Azov” and the division of Maktab al-Khidamat “al-Qaeda” who was responsible for the promotion of the organization and helped the new recruits to get to the theater. Just as Afghanistan in the 1980s became a sanctuary for jihadist organizations such as Egyptian Islamic Jihad and the Libyan Islamic fighting group, Ukraine is becoming a haven for extremist groups of white racists who were going to train and become radicalised. And just as the members of jihadist groups, many of these members is to return home (or third country) in order to wreak havoc and use violence as a means of attracting new members to your business.
Unlike the jihadists who are trying to strike at Western targets, radicalized white racists have an advantage: they can blend in in the West, as it could make Brenton Tarrant.Street extremist racist group < Ukraine > increased as a result of the Euromaidan protests in 2014 and the subsequent armed conflict in the Crimea and the Donbass. The most widely publicized of these groups are connected with the battalion “Azov”. The sympathy of the paramilitary formation of the international racist extremism is well documented. But the veterans of the movement have created a few informal street organizations. (Now paramilitary officially incorporated into the Ukrainian armed forces, at least theoretically.) These street organizations, like Ncorpus or National teams involved in the violent attacks on Roma camps and ethnic massacres that they condone ultra-nationalist rhetoric and to “clear the streets”. Other movements that are not associated with the “Azov”, such as the neo-Nazi group “combat 18” has received official permission of government officials for “street patrols”.
The proliferation of paramilitary groups in the Ukraine, probably exacerbated by the ongoing armed conflict that has attracted foreign fighters and growing ultra-nationalism.
Battalion “Azov” has developed relationships with members of the Division “Atomwaffen”, and based in southern California fighters R. A. M, which the FBI officially considers “extremist, racist group”.
The relationship between American extremists and the battalion “Azov” go beyond simple networking and include training and radicalization of American extremists. The Azov battalion has also developed a political wing and is connected with the growing traffic of militants that use violence, intimidation and coercion. To date, it was reported that the citizens of Germany, UK, Brazil, Sweden, USA and Australia have arrived in Ukraine to join the battalion “Azov”. The group also created youth camps, entertainment centres, lecture halls and programs of educational work, in particular, provides an opportunity to study children aged 9 years of military tactics and ideology of white racism”.
It should be noted another piece, in my opinion, the key for the report. The authors state:
“However, despite all of the similarities between jihadists and white racist extremists, there are important differences. While Ukraine has become a growing hub of white racist extremism, in addition to her there were very few conflicts that have served as sanctuaries or refuges for the adherents of these ideas. This proved a challenge for law enforcement because of white racist extremists and associated groups do not have a certain territory, or headquarters, for which it would be possible to strike”.
And then the arguments that white racist extremism is much more decentralized and fragmented than ISIS and al-Qaeda. But nevertheless, once Ukraine, according to the authors, the plays in this phenomenon such crucial role, it is logical to expect some of the recommendations associated with it. But they are not. And it’s hardly by accident. Absolutely not a coincidence that the “Center of Suphan” writes about the Gypsy pogroms committed by the Ukrainian radicals, but does not write about the atrocities against the residents of Donbass and about bullying ideological opponents.
The report talks not only about the Ukrainian extremists, but also on Russian, which the authors attribute group “Russian Imperial movement”. She paid a lot less text than “Azov”, but the “Center of Suphan” argues that in Russia there is a “government tolerance of paramilitary groups and groups”, they say they are protecting traditional values. It is further alleged that “between the Russian government and far-right groups in Europe there is a wide range of connections. The Russian efforts of disinformation via the Internet has caused anti-immigrant sentiment in countries such as Sweden.” But the state of Ukraine, whose tolerance to “Azov” obvious”, direct accusations are not awarded, except mention of the fact that officials gave “combat 18” permit “street patrols”.
And this is not surprising. The analytical note on “Center of Suphan”, dedicated to Ukrainian-Russian conflict and the war in the Donbass, made in the same spirit as the materials of the Atlantic Council or of the Institute for McCain. In this context, the extremism of the “Azov” only the costs of Ukrainian freedom and democracy. However, for the “Center of Suphan” it costs invalid, as result in the deaths of Americans.
However, it is not about the rejection of Ukrainian nationalism as such, but only its “Azov” forms, focusing on white racism. In the traditional Bandera this nationalism does not cause a negative reaction. Because it is cooked in its own juice, without attracting European radicals, but fighting with the hated Russia and Russians.Peter Safonov