MUNICH | american and european Leaders, starting with Emmanuel Macron, have displayed their differences Saturday on the state of the West and the trend towards national withdrawal under Donald Trump, Washington, rejecting criticism “exaggerated,” and not reflecting “the reality”.
The Conference on security in Munich, grand-messe international annual on defence issues, has suddenly taken on the air of a settling of accounts, with the key being a mini-radiance diplomatic German-american.
Without gloves, the american secretary of State Mike Pompeo responded to comments made the day before, on this same forum, by the head of State of the German Frank-Walter Steinmeier. The latter had severely denounced the national egoism spread to his eyes by the american president Donald Trump.
These criticisms, and others of the same type, “do not reflect reality at all,” said Mr. Pompeo.
“I have the pleasure to announce you that the idea that the transatlantic alliance would be dead are greatly exaggerated”, he ironisé.
The German head of State had complained that “our principal ally, the United States, refuse under the current administration the idea of an international community”.
“Countries are invited to place their own interests above those of all others,” he lamented.
The american minister of foreign Affairs replied du tac au tac.
He argued that his country had contributed to strengthening Nato on its eastern flank with Russia’s neighbors, or even led the effort to end the “caliphate” self-proclaimed organisation the jihadist islamic State in Syria.
“Is this what it is that the United States “reject the international community”?”, he asked.
“The West is winning”, declared Mr. Pompeo in response to those who doubt the cohesion of transatlantic.
“Weakening of the West”
But shortly after, the French president Emmanuel Macron, who succeeded him in the tribune at Munich, has taken a different approach.
“There is a weakening of the West” in the face of Asia and Russia, said Mr Macron, and “there is an american policy of a form of decline relative to reconsideration of its relationship with Europe” it is necessary to take into account. In this context, Europe must “revive as a political power, strategic”.
In the midst of these disagreements public, the secretary-general of NATO, Jens Stoltenberg, has urged to avoid a “competition” between Europe and the United States. It is not necessary to “put our differences while minimizing our forces”, he said.
Americans and Europeans are also in disagreement concerning China.
Washington put pressure on european countries so that they do not give access to the oem Huawei in their networks of the future telecommunications, 5G, and saw a risk of espionage.
“This could ultimately threaten the military alliance that has had the greatest success in the history, Nato has warned in Munich the head of the Pentagon, Mark Esper. A warning at no cost to the Europeans.
Until now, most european countries turn a deaf ear and show themselves to be willing to allow, with restrictions, access to Huawei. The head of china’s public diplomacy Wang Yi was invited to make an “independent choice and wise”, while respecting “the fairness for all businesses”.
Tensions are also bright in the field of energy, where Washington is concerned about the dependence of Europe with respect to Moscow and denounces the project of a new pipeline in the Russian North Stream II. Supported in particular by Germany, it aims to deliver Russian gas to Europe via the Baltic sea bypassing Ukraine.
Mr. Pompeo has announced in this connection that the United States would finance energy projects to the tune of a billion dollars in the countries of eastern and central Europe Is to strengthen their energy independence in the face of Moscow.
It is a “sign of support for the sovereignty, prosperity and energy independence for our european friends” that will benefit the Initiative of the Three Seas, bringing together twelve countries of the european Union bordered by the seas of the Baltic, Adriatic and Black.