© RIA Novosti, Ilya Pitalev the Highest commander and the Supreme soldiers of the order was established in one day, 8 November 1943. This is a kind of symbolism, because it all had in common, and, in the words of Stalin, “victory without glory does not happen”But if the order of “Victory” were awarded to only 20 people, the “Glory” of three degrees has become one of the mass orders, although they were awarded only a personal feat. And not coincidentally, his appearance in the course of the still unfinished battle for the Dnepr — a feat worthy of award, it was a place every day.
We can say that the order of Glory became a kind of substitute for the title of Hero of the Soviet Union and the missing link in the reward system designed specifically for the “lower ranks”. Not casually subsequently, and full cavalier of Glory was equal in status to Heroes. For the crossing of the Dnieper, the liberation of Kiev, the storming of the lines of Wotan the highest degree of distinction received the largest number of soldiers and officers during the entire world.
But the fighting continued: was still suffering from armored counterattack beachheads in the downstream “river heroes”, again the Germans have developed a mad pressure on the troops marching West from Kiev, near the release of Dnipropetrovsk, was a fierce battle for Krivoy Rog.
Numerous number of Characters was obviously not very well, it would reduce the price rewards.
The introduction of an analogue of the George cross not only solved the question with the correct reward, but also increased morale, pursuing an obvious connection with past victories. In fact, the initial project and degrees had to be four, as in “George”, however, the Supreme pointed out to reduce to three, maintaining a uniform style with the commander’s orders and is called “Glory” for the reason indicated above. Actually, the ribbon on the Shoe is also repeated George the color of the “fire and gunpowder” in all three degrees, as was the case only for the pre-revolutionary award system.
The last of the “land” of orders, it was intended only to award soldiers and sergeants (in aviation, and also Junior lieutenants). The award was given only in ascending order, starting with the youngest — the third degree. This procedure was repeated only thirty years later in the statutes of the order of Labor Glory and For service to Motherland in the USSR Armed Forces. And never until 1974, the order of Glory were not issued to any military units or companies or organizations — only people for a specific feat. In this sense, he was the only one. Similarly, no other award is not assumed promotion to the rank holders of all three degrees — this is an exceptional case.
It has developed rapidly: on June 20 there was an initiative, October 2 four of the best project was presented to Stalin, October 11, modified the drawings presented to NGOs and approved October 23.
The first reliably established representation for the order of Glory of III degree was held on November 13, 1943, the last day of the Kiev offensive, when was signed the award list for the senior Sergeant Vasily Malyshev. During the battle he slumped to the enemy machine guns, preventing the advance of our troops, and destroyed it.
© RIA Novosti, Selimkhanov some sources say that the first order of Glory III class was awarded to a talented sapper, Sergeant George Israelian, but it’s the usual red tape: Malysheva first presented to the order, and Israeliano first issued it. Since initially first and second degree could reward directly on the front, without the Decree of the Presidium of the USSR Supreme Soviet, but had taken place and confusion with numbers of awards. It often happened that the order issued earlier, had more room than issued later. And since the first batch of the order of Glory of III degree was aimed at the 2nd Ukrainian front, under the award No. 1 was received by the assistant platoon commander of anti-tank guns, staff Sergeant Ivan Kharin.
The first Cavaliers of the order of Glory II degree, the red army were the soldiers of the 665-th separate sapper battalion 385 th infantry division, Western front, Sergeant Mikhail Bolshov, ordinary Sergey Baranov and Andrei Vlasov. By the way, 28 December 1943, all three were presented with the order of Glory I degree, earning, thus, full cavaletto just a month and a half after the establishment of the awards. Although received their gold stars (first degree, with the exception of the clasp, were made entirely of gold) much later. And in December, 1943, came a decree awarding first and second degrees 16 fighters of the 1st Czechoslovak brigade who distinguished themselves in the capture of Kiev.
The first actual award of the order of Glory I degree took place in July 1944. The first full gentlemen of order of Glory became the assistant commander of the reconnaissance platoon, Kharkov, senior Sergeant Konstantin Shevchenko and corporal Mitrofan Pitenin, who died before he could receive the award.
And Shevchenko, by the way, in civilian life, the former noble milker and even a member of ENEA, has got to the end of the war, receiving also the order of the red banner, Patriotic war II degree and the red Star: the six orders had not every Colonel and even General.
The only unit, without exception (other than officers) awarded Fame, became the first battalion of the 215th banner regiment 77th guards Chernigov infantry division. During the liberation of Poland on January 14 1945 on the left Bank of the Vistula soldiers rapid attack captured three lines of trenches of the enemy and held the position until the main forces.
Platoon commanders were awarded the order of Alexander Nevsky, the company commanders — order of the red banner. Senior Sergeant from Donetsk Ivan Perov, covering her Breasts recess, was posthumously awarded the order of Patriotic war I degree. The battalion commander, 23-year-old guards major Boris Emelyanov and platoon commander, guards. senior Lieutenant Mikhail Guriev, became heroes of the Soviet Union.
And the most heroic heroes of the recognized four, who simultaneously became a full cavalier of the Glory and the GSS. This gunner, guards. senior Sergeant kaluzhanin, Andrey Aleshin, the pilot-attack aircraft, second Lieutenant, Cherkashin Ivan Drachenko; marine, guard Sergeant, hersonets Paul Dubinda and gunner, Sergeant, Vologzhanin Nikolay Kuznetsov. But who can doubt the achievements and personal bravery of the Kuban Cossack Sidor Cousin received two “George” for the First world, and two Fame for a Second? By 1945 produced about 1500 awarding the order of Glory I degree, about 17,000 of awarding the order of Glory II degree and about 200 thousand awarding order of Glory III degree. Among these people there are even American Marines, sailors and airmen.
Similarly, there are foreigners among those who received the order “Victory”.
Under the Statute it was given to the members of the high command of the red army “for the successful conduct of combat operations at the scale of one or several fronts resulting in radically changing the situation in favor of the red army”.
However, the latter enabled especially to distinguish merit is not so much the military, as a politician who was the king of Romania, Mihai I, launched the country out of Germany’s allies into opponents. Or Secretary-General Leonid Brezhnev, the award of which is canceled after the death.
But all other 18 Cavaliers — a purely military people, starting with Marshal Zhukov, marked ruby diamond star twice (for the liberation of right-Bank Ukraine and for the capture of Berlin), and ending with the Supreme Commander of the allied expeditionary forces in Western Europe, field Marshal Bernard Montgomery.
That is, and glory, and the victory gained for the most part our blood, generously shared at all. It is a pity that the former allies soon forgot about it.Dmitry Zaborin