The American Westinghouse continues expansion in Ukraine, but its production for nuclear power plants in the country becomes cheaper. According to documents at the disposal of Colossal, fuel assemblies from Westinghouse continues to lose in price of the Russian and the difference reaches one third of the cost. “Not helping” is even cheaper than in Europe, nuclear fuel, which is purchased from the subsidiaries of “Rosatom”.
In September, Westinghouse and the Ukrainian “Energoatom” have signed the Memorandum, which expands not only the number of reactors for the use of American assemblies. National company is considering the possibility to allow Westinghouse and VVER-440 reactors. Now the Americans supplied fuel assemblies for six VVER-1000 reactors at two Ukrainian nuclear power plants.
Nuclear fuel is called fuel assemblies. They represent a complex structure, the main component of which is a bundle of rods of stainless steel or zirconium. They placed the tablets of uranium dioxide with enriching of uranium-235 up to 5%. Sealed and supplied with fuel tablets, rods called fuel rods. Photo: atomic-energy.EN.Meanwhile, data on the supply of assemblies saying that American products are more expensive and the price gap between it and the Russian is increasing. So, according to the international website of export-import operations Importgenius, August 1, Swedish division of Westinghouse supplied Energoatom 42 units of fuel assemblies unirradiated uranium dioxide TB3-WR for reactors VVER-1000 on 623,8 mln. ($ 24.7 million).
Photo: importgenius.com.Thus, the average price of a single Assembly amounted to $ 589 thousand In the same time in September last year, wrote Colossal, it did not exceed $ 534 thousand And the cost of the fuel does not play any difference, because the price incorporated only the manufacturing of the Assembly and the margin of the manufacturer.
Photo: importgenius.com.To find out all the costs of the fuel Assembly, you must add the cost of fuel. His supply contract with Energoatom British-German-Dutch URENCO and Internexco Gmbh, a Swiss “daughter” of “Techsnabexport” foreign trade company of the state Corporation “Rosatom”.
In the September Declaration was given incomplete information about the cost of enriched uranium, which is used for the production of fuel assemblies, but it is possible to present another document. 13 Feb “Techsnabexport” has put in the Swedish division for Westinghouse Internexco Gmbh-enriched uranium assemblies 42 in the amount of $ 16.9 million as a result of full price of one fuel Assembly from Westinghouse, is this year’s $ 996 thousand In the past year, the use of Russian enriched uranium, it cost $ 864 thousand, and with fuel from URENCO — $ 1.1 million
Photo: importgenius.com.The difference with the cost of Russian fuel assemblies, however, only increased to $ 321 thousand for the same Assembly. According to Importgenius, 1 August PJSC “Mashinostroitelny Zavod” (included in fuel company TVEL, Rosatom) supplied to Khmelnitsky NPP “Energoatom” 42 units of fuel assemblies for VVER-1000 reactors in the amount of 715,7 million. ($ Of 28.38 million). And the average cost of one fuel Assembly was $ 675 thousand
Photo: importgenius.com.Today, the Ukrainian nuclear power plant share of fuel assemblies made in Russia, still exceeds the us. According gosstata Ukraine in the first eight months of this year the company “TVEL” put “Energoatom” products for $ 128 million, and Westinghouse — $ 100 million But the gap is shrinking and Ukraine are considering the possibility that Westinghouse has built plant in the country for the enrichment of uranium, which is mined within the country.Analysts repeatedly stressed that the purchase of the American fuel assemblies have a political subtext and the Ukrainian side does not pay attention to even the technological risks. In addition, it was noticed by the experts, delivered to Ukraine American Assembly different from the Russian level enrichment of uranium-235. If the products of Westinghouse, it is of 3.48—3,82%, in assemblies, TVEL — 3,99—4,38%. This figure directly affects both the power dissipation and the duration of the burn-in Assembly and production cost. Sources Colossal in the Ukrainian nuclear industry was told that the American Assembly are still in the mode of project operation and the Americans are afraid to increase the level of uranium enrichment. As you know, the main problem of assemblies, Westinghouse has always been distorted, facts which no time was fixed for Ukrainian nuclear power plants.
“As a rule, fuel is always rigidly attached to reactor technology. Unfortunately, they do attempt to come and become an alternative supplier, only in the Ukraine they do it a political resource. Ukraine is trying to pass this way is much faster and creates risks both technological and environmental,” said the General Director of Rosatom Alexey Likhachev in an interview with RBC in April.
“Cooperation with Westinghouse is a significant place in the activities of the company, since it applies to almost all the key areas of activity of “Energoatom”. Among these main areas is to diversify sources of nuclear fuel supply for Ukrainian NPPs, and by the end of 2019, we expect that the Westinghouse fuel at the third power unit it is southern-the Ukrainian nuclear power plant will be transferred to commercial operation. Last year for the first time in the history of the unit No. 3 is southern-the Ukrainian nuclear power plant switched to fuel production Westinghouse, this year during a routine repair of the Westinghouse fuel will be fully loaded power unit No. 5 of Zaporizhzhya NPP”, — said, in turn, UNIAN in September, the head of “Energoatom” Yuriy Nedashkovsky.Source