What you need to know about vaccinations

Что нужно знать о прививках

Should you worry if the doctor recommends that the child vaccinated? What vaccination is and what it can protect? But can vaccinations be dangerous? These questions trouble many parents. Let’s try to understand them.

What are vaccines?

Vaccinations are done in order to protect the body from infectious diseases. But not all of them. Vaccines are developed to fight dangerous diseases that cause severe complications or can result in death. A special place in the prevention is vaccination, which are made against viruses, airborne (e.g., influenza). They contribute to the development of the so-called herd immunity and prevent the spread of dangerous diseases.

Children are vaccinated against infections which is called “childhood” (measles, mumps, pertussis, rubella, polio, diphtheria, etc.). Kids also vaccination against diseases that you can get sick at any age (tuberculosis, viral hepatitis, tetanus).

There are vaccinations that protect against infection that can be transmitted in remote countries (encephalitis) or in certain circumstances (rabies). They are only made to people who moved or was already in the medium, which can get infected.

How to “work” vaccine?

The main purpose of any vaccine is the formation of the immune system. Immunity is the immunity of the organism to the pathogen. To do this, under the skin of the person injected with a vaccine containing weakened or dead microbes of the disease against which protection is intended. It stimulates the production of specific substances (own antibodies) and cells that are called killer. They are able to neutralize the virus enter the body during a real infection.

The frequency of vaccinations

There are vaccinations, which are conducted on a schedule approved by the Ministry of health. These include vaccination against hepatitis b, tuberculosis, tetanus, and “childhood diseases”. Schedule attached to the child’s age. Naturally, it indicated the approximate dates of grafting. Real time is defined as the pediatrician, who focuses on the child’s condition and his individual experience of previous vaccinations. Last vaccination on schedule is child at age 14.

As adults are made of revaccination against diphtheria and tetanus every 10 years. The need for revaccination is associated with the fact that some pathogens produces immunity only after repeated administration. Also, immunity can fade over time. Then it needs to resume, stimulating new dose of the vaccine.

Whether preparing for vaccination?

No special training is required. Of the child before vaccination should see a doctor. Vaccinated only children who at this moment is completely healthy. It is not necessary to give baby antihistamines to “prevent” allergies. Usually after vaccination does not occur any effect. In some cases there is a slight increase in temperature. It is also considered normal. If you are concerned about appearing symptoms, be sure to show the child the doctor.

Doctor.rambler

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