On this day 79 years ago in the Soviet Union introduced a seven day working week. June 26, 1940 issued a decree “on the transition to the eight-hour day, seven-day workweek and the prohibition of unauthorized care workers and employees from enterprises and institutions”, wrote on Wednesday, “parliamentary newspaper”.
It is noted that the decision of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR adopted after the Congress of all-Union Communist party (Bolshevik) in 1939. On it, in particular, approved the plan for the third five-year plan (1938-1942) – the aim was to catch up and overtake the capitalist countries in production per capita.
According to the decree, the eight-hour day was established for all workers and employees who have reached the age of 16. The exception was the citizens who worked in hazardous industries. Workers and employees are “attached” to the job: they were forbidden to arbitrarily leave state, cooperative and public enterprises and institutions. Provided for the punishment of deprivation of liberty for a term from two to four months.
Allow to move to another place or to finish the job could only be the Director of the enterprise or the head of the institution, but only for medical reasons, old age or in case if the employee has enrolled in the University. While women remained the leave for pregnancy and childbirth.
The decree also stated that in case of absence, the employee is punished by the work at the place of service for a period of up to six months with deduction of 25% of salary.
Later, the ban to move from place to place distributed on the tractor and the combine, who worked on MTS (machine tractor station). The document stressed that the Bureau made this decision because of the numerous requests of the collective farms and machine and tractor stations. The decree was condemned by more than 3 million Soviet citizens.
Five-day working week with two days off was introduced by the decree of the CPSU Central Committee, the USSR Council of Ministers and the trade unions in March 1967.
We will remind, recently the Prime Minister of Russia Dmitry Medvedev made the transition to four-day work week in the future. Medvedev, in particular, explained that to extend the time for leisure allows the development of technology. However, the majority of Russians, judging by poll VTSIOM, this idea is not liked.