Why the choice of Donbass – not Ukraine

Почему выбор Донбасса – не Украина

Continued. Cm. beginning

Sociological studies show that Kiev has no reason to win the information war for “the return of mental Donbass” in the Ukraine. Liberals and “green” alarmed. Of course, all were to blame Russia.

A test of the work they suggested to consider the evaluation of the residents LNR and DNR question of the annexation of Crimea into the Russian Federation. In April of 2019 the majority of respondents residents of the LC and the DNI felt that “Russia’s actions in Crimea,” – “legal protection of Russian citizens, alienated Ukraine,” not “illegal invasion and occupation of the territory of independent Ukraine”.

Почему выбор Донбасса – не Украина

Compare the answers and also the wording of questions and answers “Kharkiv experts” in 2019 and the staff of the Kiev international Institute of sociology in 2014.

Which of the following statements regarding the Crimea do You agree more?

South-East in General

Dnepro-Petrovskaya

Donets-Kai

Polish-rye-Skye

Lugansk

Nikolaev-Skye

Odessa

Har-CLNI-Kai

Kherson-Skye

The annexation of Crimea to Russia is the result of illegal annexation

44.3

61.1

25.7

53.6

26.8

68.2

46.9

42.8

56.7

The annexation of Crimea to Russia is the result of free will of inhabitants of Crimea

43.0

25.5

62.9

31.1

58.1

23.3

38.3

44.1

36.9

IT’S HARD TO SAY / DON’T KNOW

11.5

10.6

10.9

13.8

14.4

7.2

12.8

12.4

6.2

REFUSAL TO ANSWER

1.3

2.7

0.5

1.5

0.7

1.2

2.0

0.7

0.2

In 2014, asked about the “annexation of Crimea to Russia”, the answers were “annexation” and “the free will of inhabitants of Crimea”. The survey was conducted 8-16 April, just in time for the adoption Turchinov decision to start the so-called ATO (April 14). In Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts the majority of respondents felt that the annexation of Crimea to Russia was a result of the free will of the inhabitants, and the whole Southeast then this question is almost split.

In 2019 the residents of the DNI and the LC is asking about “protection” and “invasion and occupation”, linking them with Russia. “The free will of inhabitants of Crimea” sociologists removed from reality. Formed Kiev military psychosis is sufficiently stable not only among sociologists. There is no point to comment on, say, the speech of Ostap Drozdova from the city or Roman Immortal from Kiev, when, for example, on 18 November Vladimir Zelensky congratulated the sergeants of the armed forces and thanked them for what they “have proved themselves in battles with the Russian aggressor” (and in fact going to Paris).

In 2019, residents of the LC and the DNI asked about the war in the Donbass. The responses are also cornered those who want to “mentally to return Donbass” in the Ukraine. 76% of respondents said that “the war in the Donbass – this is an internal Ukrainian conflict,” while 90% disagreed that “the war in Donbass was started by Russia and the local Pro-Russian groups”.

Почему выбор Донбасса – не Украина

Note that this question is missing the phrase “war of Ukraine with Russia” or “Ukrainian-Russian war”. “Kharkiv experts” did not see war between countries or not wanted to complicate the interview process in the republics of Donbass?

In 2014, the Kiev sociologists asked about possible civil war in Ukraine.

Do You think it possible in Ukraine a civil war?

South-East in General

Dnepro-Petrovskaya

Donets-Kai

Polish-rye-Skye

Lugansk

Nikolaev-Skye

Odessa

Kharkov-Skye

Persons-Kai

Definitely Yes

16.4

20.3

19.3

16.3

13.9

17.4

12.6

11.6

17.8

Probably Yes

29.6

24.3

36.6

24.9

38.0

27.8

25.7

26.2

28.0

It’s hard to say for sure, partly Yes, partly no

19.8

15.3

15.3

20.5

23.3

23.8

22.2

22.3

26.5

Probably not

20.2

25.2

17.3

20.2

14.4

21.1

20.2

25.2

14.4

Of course, no

12.5

13.6

9.2

16.3

9.7

9.4

16.5

13.9

12.9

REFUSAL TO ANSWER

1.5

1.2

2.2

1.7

0.7

0.5

2.7

0.7

0.5

And then more than half the residents of Donetsk and Lugansk regions said that the war may be (“definitely Yes” and “rather Yes”). In other areas, the level of anxiety was less.

However, if the answer to the question “What’s more likely is causing your anxiety?” it was clear that “the threat of civil war” the residents of the South-East felt more than “the threat of invasion of the Russian aggressors.” Note that from 1 March to 25 June 2014 the President of Russia Vladimir Putin had a resolution of the Council of Federation of the Russian Federation to use the Armed forces of the Russian Federation on the territory of Ukraine.

Today more than likely is causing your anxiety?

South-East in General

Dnepro-Petrovskaya

Donets-Kai

Polish-rye-Skye

Lugansk

Nikolaev-Skye

Odessa

Har-CLNI-Kai

Kherson-Skye

Rampant banditry in the country

43.1

43.3

51.5

37.5

29.8

48.1

46.2

40.1

42.6

The lack of Central authority to the problems of the South-East

16.8

8.7

19.8

15.6

22.8

23.6

15.8

13.6

22.3

The growth of radicalism and nationalism

19.1

10.6

22.5

13.1

26.6

20.8

19.3

19.1

24.5

One-sided coverage in the Ukrainian mass media the problems of the region and country

8.2

5.7

11.9

7.9

7.2

6.0

6.2

10.6

5.7

The introduction of visas with Russia

7.3

4.0

9.4

3.0

7.2

3.2

5.9

11.1

14.1

NATO membership

9.6

2.5

15.3

5.2

10.7

5.0

12.8

10.1

12.1

Off Russian TV channels

5.0

2.0

6.4

2.5

3.7

4.0

4.9

10.6

3.5

The risk of losing their jobs

18.6

9.9

24.5

16.8

20.3

23.1

24.0

15.8

12.4

Nonpayment of pensions and salaries

24.6

13.6

32.4

26.7

28.0

30.3

31.9

18.6

11.9

The collapse of the Ukrainian economy

39.2

27.5

44.3

32.8

42.7

48.4

40.0

36.9

53.2

The gap of economic ties with Russia

19.7

8.2

26.7

10.1

36.2

13.9

11.1

24.0

23.5

The growth of separatist sentiment

13.7

10.9

12.6

9.6

12.7

21.3

14.1

14.9

23.5

The imposition of one language

6.5

2.0

9.4

2.5

12.7

4.5

4.0

7.7

7.9

The threat of civil war

31.7

26.7

40.6

27.7

28.5

29.3

31.4

24.5

47.8

The threat of invasion of the Russian aggressor

16.9

17.1

6.4

15.6

10.7

36.2

20.2

16.3

45.3

Do you support or oppose the introduction of Russian troops in Ukraine?

South-East in General

Dnepro-Petrovskaya

Donets-Kai

Polish-rye-Skye

Lugansk

Nikolaev-Skye

Odessa

Kharkov-Skye

Kherson-Skye

Of course, I support

5.6

3.7

9.9

0.7

6.9

3.5

2.7

7.7

3.0

Rather support

6.1

1.5

9.4

3.5

12.4

3.0

4.2

7.9

1.7

It’s hard to say for sure, partly Yes, partly no

11.8

5.9

13.1

9.6

23.1

5.5

11.4

13.9

7.2

Rather, do not support

15.9

15.3

18.8

17.0

17.4

9.2

14.6

17.1

8.9

Of course, do not support

58.4

69.6

47.5

66.7

36.0

77.9

64.4

53.2

78.7

REFUSAL TO ANSWER

2.2

4.0

1.2

2.5

4.2

1.0

2.7

0.2

0.5

In April 2014, “the disarmament and disbanding of illegal radical groups” 37.8% of residents of South-East considered the most important “concrete step of the Central government to preserve the unity of the country.”

What concrete steps do You expect from the Central government to preserve the unity of the country?

South-East in General

Dnepro-Petrovskaya

Donets-Kai

Polish-rye-Skye

Lugansk

Nikolaev-Skye

Odessa

Har-CLNI-Kai

Persons-Kai

The disarmament and disbanding of illegal radical groups

37.8

34.4

46.5

28.4

33.5

48.4

35.3

31.9

48.0

In 2019, the residents of the LPR and the DPR has commented on the issue of who bears “responsibility for the conflict in the Donbass”? In this case, respondents were given the opportunity to mark suggested responses. Sociologists and they did not disappoint. However, the answers were dissatisfied, those who presented the results.

Почему выбор Донбасса – не Украина

* * *

Even in the result of consideration of public opinion polls there is a clear logic of the historical process with the Donbass, LC and DNR after the coup of 2014. He is quite involved with the formation in Ukraine the Kiev regimes socio-cultural identity and Ukrainian nation.

And it is logical to survey in 2019 “Kharkiv experts” on the future status of Donbass. Yulia Mostovaya, Tatiana Silina, Vladimir Kravchenko, Inna Vedernikova wrote: “If someone like the President Zelensky, thinks that the inhabitants of the occupied territories of Donbass looking forward to that “soon the Ukrainians, our power will appear here, soon our guys are going to come”, it is not so.”

And share such survey results. 5,1% want “to be part of Ukraine as before,” a 13.4% see LC and DNR “part of Ukraine but with special status,” 16.2 percent prefer independence. And 50.9 per cent believe that the LC and the DNI must be part of Russia, another 13.4% “part of Russia, but with a special status”. Consequently, the majority of residents (64.3 per cent) see the LC and the DNI with Russia.

In this regard, it is worth Recalling, as a response to the South-East, including Donetsk and Luhansk regions in 2014 on secession from Ukraine and joining Russia. While more than half of the surveyed residents in all eight areas of the Southeast did not want to secede from Ukraine and join Russia.

Do you support or oppose the opinion that Your region should secede from Ukraine and join Russia?

South-East in General

Dnepro-Petrovskaya

Donets-Kai

Command-regs-Kai

Lugansk

Nikolaev-Skye

Odessa

Har-CLNI-Kai

Kherson-Skye
Of course, I support

7.1

3.7

11.9

2.2

13.2

3.5

3.2

9.2

1.0

Rather support

8.3

3.2

15.6

4.0

17.1

3.7

4.0

6.9

2.5

It’s hard to say for sure, partly Yes, partly no

12.5

6.9

17.3

9.9

12.4

6.0

11.9

17.3

11.4

Rather, do not support

16.0

13.1

17.3

17.5

20.6

6.7

19.3

16.1

11.1

Of course, do not support

53.7

71.0

34.9

64.0

31.3

78.7

59.5

49.5

73.5

REFUSAL TO ANSWER

2.4

2.0

3.0

2.5

5.5

1.5

2.2

1.0

0.5

In 2019 the residents of LNR and DNR and asked about the status of Donbass (Donetsk and Lugansk region within the borders 2014). In the Ukraine the whole Donbass see 19,2% of the inhabitants of the LC and the DNI (and 8.4% of the “as before”, 10.8 percent “with special status”), and 14.4% see it “independent”. And 62.9% of the respondents want the Donbass became part of Russia (13.3% of special status and 49.6% without conditions and preferences).

This is not a mentality. It’s a choice. Mentality – a way to assess the outside world for decision-making. And the choice of the residents of Donbass should be respected. Once again we are talking about the fact that the Ukrainization of Ukraine is not made. Not made it and the role of “Outpost of containment of Russia.” The problem is destructive of Ukrainian integral nationalism in impunity for those who incite ethnic and religious hatred, the impunity of those who actually unleashed a civil war in Ukraine. The choice of Donbass, paid for by the blood, death of children, the elderly, women, militia.

Photos: Slain Ukrainian army and “volunteers” children of Donbass
Michael ZADOROZHNY

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